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Preoperative endoscopic retrograde cholangio-pancreatography (ERCP) is a risk factor for surgical site infections after laparoscopic cholecystectomy

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  • Thomas Peponis
  • Nikhil Panda
  • Trine G Eskesen
  • David G Forcione
  • Dante D Yeh
  • Noelle Saillant
  • Haytham M A Kaafarani
  • David R King
  • Marc A de Moya
  • George C Velmahos
  • Peter J Fagenholz
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BACKGROUND: We sought to examine whether preoperative endoscopic retrograde cholangio-pancreatography (ERCP) increases the risk of surgical site infections (SSI) after laparoscopic cholecystectomy.

METHODS: Patients admitted to an academic hospital from 2010 to 2016, who were older than 18 and had a laparoscopic or a laparoscopic converted to open cholecystectomy for complicated biliary tract disease were included. We compared those who had a preoperative ERCP to those who did not. Our primary endpoint was the rate of SSI.

RESULTS: A total of 640 patients were included. Of them, 122 (19.1%) received preoperative ERCP and 518 (80.9%) did not. The former had different preoperative diagnoses compared to non-ERCP patients (choledocholithiasis [35.2%-7.0%], acute cholecystitis [31.2%-76.4%], gallstone pancreatitis [20.5%-16.2%], and cholangitis [13.1%-0.4%], p < 0.001). The rate of SSI was higher in the preoperative ERCP group (11.5%-4.0%, p = 0.005). In a multivariable analysis conversion to open (OR = 2.57, 95% CI = 1.06-6.21, p = 0.037) and preoperative ERCP (OR = 3.12, 95% CI = 1.34-7.22, p = 0.008) were the only independent predictors of SSI.

CONCLUSION: Preoperative ERCP is associated with a threefold increase in the risk of SSI after laparoscopic cholecystectomy.

Original languageEnglish
JournalAmerican Journal of Surgery
Volume218
Issue number1
Pages (from-to)140-144
Number of pages5
ISSN0002-9610
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019

    Research areas

  • Endoscopic retrograde cholangio-pancreatography, ERCP, Laparoscopic cholecystectomy, Surgical site infection

ID: 56967086