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Prenatally detected isolated ventricular septum defects and the association with chromosomal aberrations - a nationwide register-based study from Denmark

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OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the association between prenatally detected isolated ventricular septum defects (VSDs) and chromosomal aberrations in a nationwide study in Denmark.

METHOD: Nationwide, register-based study with prospectively collected data including all singleton pregnancies from 2014-2018. From the Danish Fetal Medicine Database, we retrieved data on maternal characteristics, first-trimester biomarkers, pre- and postnatal diagnoses, genetic test results, and pregnancy outcomes. VSDs were considered isolated in the absence of other malformations or soft markers, and with a low first-trimester risk assessment for trisomies 21, 18 and 13. All cases of an isolated VSD with a chromosomal anomaly were audited. The genetic tests included karyotyping and chromosomal microarray.

RESULTS: We retrieved data on 292 108 singleton pregnancies; 323 registered with a prenatally detected VSD and 697 with a VSD detected postnatally (incidence of 0.35%). Only 1/153 (0.7%, 95% CI 0.02;3.6%) of the isolated prenatally detected VSDs had an abnormal genetic test result (del (8)(q23.1)). Moreover, they had a lower free β-hCG MoM (0.9 MoM vs 0.99 MoM, P = 0.02), and were more likely born small for gestational age (SGA), defined as birthweight 2 or more SD below the mean, compared with the control population (5.2% vs 2.5%, P = 0.03).

CONCLUSION: We found a prevalence of chromosomal aberrations of 0.7% in fetuses with a prenatally detected isolated VSD. Moreover, we found an association between isolated VSDs and a larger proportion being born SGA.

Original languageEnglish
JournalPrenatal Diagnosis
Issue number3
Pages (from-to)347-353
Number of pages7
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2021

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2020 John Wiley & Sons Ltd

Copyright 2020 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.

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