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The Capital Region of Denmark - a part of Copenhagen University Hospital
E-pub ahead of print

Preliminary Experience Using Diastolic Right Ventricular Pressure Gradient Monitoring in Cardiac Surgery

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  • Lars Grønlykke
  • Etienne J Couture
  • Francois Haddad
  • Myriam Amsallem
  • Hanne Berg Ravn
  • Meggie Raymond
  • William Beaubien-Souligny
  • Philippe Demers
  • Antoine Rochon
  • Mahsa Elmi Sarabi
  • Yoan Lamarche
  • Georges Desjardins
  • André Y Denault
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OBJECTIVES: Right ventricular (RV) dysfunction in cardiac surgery is associated with increased mortality and morbidity and difficult separation from cardiopulmonary bypass (DSB). The primary objective of the present study was to describe the prevalence and characteristics of patients with abnormal RV diastolic pressure gradient (PG). The secondary objective was to explore the association among abnormal diastolic PG and DSB, postoperative complications, high central venous pressure (CVP), and high RV end-diastolic pressure (RVEDP).

DESIGN: Retrospective and prospective validation study.

SETTING: Tertiary care cardiac institute.

PARTICIPANTS: Cardiac surgical patients (n=374) from a retrospective analysis (n=259) and a prospective validation group (n=115).

INTERVENTION: RV pressure waveforms were obtained using a pulmonary artery catheter with a pacing port opened at 19 cm distal to the tip of the catheter. Abnormal RV diastolic PG was defined as >4 mmHg. Both elevated RVEDP and high CVP were defined as >16 mmHg.

MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: From the retrospective and validation cohorts, 42.5% and 48% of the patients had abnormal RV diastolic PG before cardiac surgery, respectively. Abnormal RV diastolic PG before cardiac surgery was associated with higher EuroSCORE II (odds ratio 2.29 [1.10-4.80] v 1.62 [1.10-3.04]; p = 0.041), abnormal hepatic venous flow (45% v 29%; p = 0.038), higher body mass index (28.9 [25.5-32.5] v 27.0 [24.9-30.5]; p = 0.022), pulmonary hypertension (48% v 37%; p = 0.005), and more frequent DSB (32% v 19%; p = 0.023). However, RV diastolic PG was not an independent predictor of DSB, whereas RVEDP (odds ratio 1.67 [1.09-2.55]; p = 0.018) was independently associated with DSB. In addition, RV pressure monitoring indices were superior to CVP in predicting DSB.

CONCLUSION: Abnormal RV diastolic PG is common before cardiac surgery and is associated with a higher proportion of known preoperative risk factors. However, an abnormal RV diastolic PG gradient is not an independent predictor of DSB in contrast to RVEDP.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
ISSN1053-0770
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 8 Jan 2020

    Research areas

  • cardiac anesthesia, cardiac surgery, diastolic dysfunction, right ventricle, right ventricular pressure

ID: 59438422