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Pregnancy complications, treatment characteristics and birth outcomes in women with atopic dermatitis in Denmark

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BACKGROUND: The risk of prenatal, obstetric and birth complications in mothers with atopic dermatitis (AD), along with treatment use during pregnancy, is unknown.

OBJECTIVES: To examine the associations between prenatal, obstetric and birth complications in mothers with AD and describe the dermatologic care received during pregnancy.

METHODS: Mother-child pairs, in which the mother had a history of AD, were identified through the Danish Medical Birth Registry and matched 1 : 10 with non-AD pairs. Data on dermatologic treatment and prenatal, obstetric and birth complications were obtained through linkage via nationwide registers. Multiple logistic regression was performed.

RESULTS: We identified 10 668 births from 1997 through 2014 to women with AD. Women with a hospital/ambulatory contact for AD during pregnancy had increased topical corticosteroid and ultraviolet therapy use during pregnancy compared to prior. However, overall, women with AD received decreased dermatologic therapy during pregnancy compared to prior. In adjusted analysis, maternal AD was inversely associated with gestational diabetes [OR 0.79, 95% CI (0.68-0.92)], but positively associated with premature rupture of membranes [1.15 (1.05-1.27)] and staphylococcal neonatal septicemia [2.45 (1.33-4.49)]-albeit the latter was rare. These associations did not meet statistical significance in sub-analysis where body mass index data were available. No associations were found with preeclampsia, prematurity or non-staphylococcal neonatal septicaemia.

CONCLUSIONS: Women with AD during pregnancy mainly used topical corticosteroids and ultraviolet therapy to control their disease. While premature rupture of membranes and staphylococcal neonatal septicaemia were over-represented in maternal AD, no associations were found with any other significant prenatal, obstetric or birth outcome.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology : JEADV
Volume33
Issue number3
Pages (from-to)577-587
Number of pages11
ISSN0926-9959
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2019

    Research areas

  • Administration, Oral, Administration, Topical, Adrenal Cortex Hormones/administration & dosage, Adult, Body Mass Index, Case-Control Studies, Denmark/epidemiology, Dermatitis, Atopic/epidemiology, Diabetes, Gestational/epidemiology, Female, Fetal Membranes, Premature Rupture/epidemiology, Humans, Infant, Newborn, Neonatal Sepsis/epidemiology, Pregnancy, Registries, Retrospective Studies, Staphylococcal Infections/complications, Ultraviolet Therapy, Young Adult

ID: 59067364