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The Capital Region of Denmark - a part of Copenhagen University Hospital
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Preferring to manage by myself: A qualitative study of the perspectives of hardly reached people with type 2 diabetes on social support for diabetes management

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AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To explore the perspectives of hardly reached people with type 2 diabetes on social support for diabetes management from their formal and informal networks.

BACKGROUND: People with low socioeconomic status and poorly controlled type 2 diabetes may be categorised as hardly reached. Social support is increasingly perceived to be a cornerstone in the management of type 2 diabetes. Few studies have, however, explored social support for diabetes management from the perspective of hardly reached people.

METHODS: A qualitative design with individual semi-structured interviews captured the unique perspectives of hardly reached people. Data from 14 participants were analysed using conventional content analysis. The article adheres to the COREQ guidelines for reporting qualitative research.

RESULTS: Participants preferred not to involve family and friends (the informal network) in diabetes management due to dysfunctional or lacking networks, existing norms and not wanting to burden vulnerable relationships. Others simply did not perceive themselves as sick and therefore saw no need for support. Opposed to this, participants wished for continuity and a personalised relationship with health professionals (the formal network). This entailed consultations that facilitated discussion of issues of importance to the participants.

CONCLUSIONS: Hardly reached people with type 2 diabetes preferred to spare their informal networks from diabetes management. Instead, they wished for more presence and individualised support from health professionals.

RELEVANCE TO CLINICAL PRACTICE: It appears timely to rethink the current "one-size-fits-all" approach for people with type 2 diabetes in order to allocate resources to those most in need. It is important that health professionals elicit perceptions of support needs and potential sources of support in hardly reached people with type 2 diabetes both from the formal and from informal networks in regard to managing their diabetes. To better reach hardly reached people with type 2 diabetes, specialised education of health professionals may be necessary to capture the complex underlying dynamics influencing disease management.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Clinical Nursing
Volume28
Issue number9-10
Pages (from-to)1889-1898
Number of pages10
ISSN0962-1067
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019

    Research areas

  • hardly reached, self-management, social support, type 2 diabetes, Professional-Patient Relations, Attitude to Health, Humans, Middle Aged, Social Support, Self-Management/psychology, Socioeconomic Factors, Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/psychology, Adult, Female, Qualitative Research

ID: 56581097