Predictors of length of stay and patient satisfaction after hip and knee replacement surgery: fast-track experience in 712 patients

Henrik Husted, Gitte Holm, Steffen Jacobsen

453 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Very few studies have focused on patient characteristics that influence length of stay (LOS) in fast-track total hip (THR) and knee arthroplasty (TKR). The aim of this prospective study was to identify patient characteristics associated with LOS and patient satisfaction after total hip and knee replacement surgery. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Between September 2003 and December 2005, 712 consecutive, unselected patients (440 women) with a mean age of 69 (31-91) years were admitted for hip and knee replacement surgery at our specialized fast-track joint replacement unit. Epidemiological, physical, and perioperative parameters were registered and correlated to LOS and patient satisfaction. RESULTS: 92% of the patients were discharged directly to their homes within 5 days, and 41% were discharged within 3 days. Age, sex, marital status, co-morbidity, preoperative use of walking aids, pre- and postoperative hemoglobin levels, the need for blood transfusion, ASA score, and time between surgery and mobilization, were all found to influence postoperative outcome in general, and LOS and patient satisfaction in particular. INTERPRETATION: We identified several patient characteristics that influence postoperative outcome, LOS, and patient satisfaction in our series of consecutive fast-track joint replacement patients, enabling further attention to be paid to certain aspects of surgery and rehabilitation.
Original languageEnglish
JournalActa Orthopaedica
Volume79
Issue number2
Pages (from-to)168-73
Number of pages5
ISSN1745-3674
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2008

Keywords

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip
  • Arthroplasty, Replacement, Knee
  • Early Ambulation
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Length of Stay
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Osteoarthritis, Hip
  • Osteoarthritis, Knee
  • Outcome Assessment (Health Care)
  • Patient Readmission
  • Patient Satisfaction
  • Perioperative Care
  • Prognosis
  • Prospective Studies

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