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Precursors of self-reported subclinical hypomania in adolescence: A longitudinal general population study

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Nielsen, Louise Gunhard ; Køster Rimvall, Martin ; Van Os, Jim ; Verhulst, Frank ; Rask, Charlotte Ulrikka ; Skovgaard, Anne Mette ; Olsen, Else Marie ; Jeppesen, Pia. / Precursors of self-reported subclinical hypomania in adolescence : A longitudinal general population study. In: PLoS One. 2021 ; Vol. 16, No. 6 June. pp. e0253507.

Bibtex

@article{882efefc05594e85bb55e78bf1f6ba34,
title = "Precursors of self-reported subclinical hypomania in adolescence: A longitudinal general population study",
abstract = "Symptoms of subclinical hypomania (SHM) are common in the general population of adolescents and young adults. SHM are most often transient yet might be risk markers of later bipolar disorder. The current study aimed to assess the clinical correlates of SHM at age 11 in the general population, examine the continuity of SHM from age 11-age 16 and explore the clinical precursors of age 16 SHM. As part of the Copenhagen Child Cohort 2000, 1,632 preadolescents participated in the examination of SHM and various clinical correlates at age 11, 893 were re-assessed for SHM at age 16 years. At age 11, SHM, psychotic experiences and depressive symptoms were assessed by semi-structured psychopathological interviews. Furthermore, the participants were diagnostically assessed by the Development and Well-Being Assessment and interviewed about sleep length. At age 16, SHM was assessed by self-report, using the Hypomania Checklist-32. Cannabis use occurring at age 15 or earlier was assessed at age 16. At age 11, SHM was associated with depressive disorders (Relative Risk [RR] = 2.96 [95% CI 1.26-6.96]), interview-based depressive symptoms (RR = 9.22 [5.93-14.34]), neurodevelopmental disorders (RR = 2.94 [1.66-5.20]), psychotic experiences (RR = 4.51 [2.90-7.01]) and insufficient sleep (RR = 2.10 [1.28-3.43]. In the longitudinal analyses, age 16 SHM was preceded by age 11 SHM (RR = 1.89 [1.02-3.49]), psychotic experiences (RR = 2.06, [1.28-3.33]), emotional disorders (RR = 1.77, [1.02-3.09]) and cannabis use (RR = 3.14, [1.93-5.10]), after mutual adjustment and adjustment for sex, and sociodemographic factors. In conclusion, age 11 SHM was statistically significantly associated with other types of psychopathology in cross-sectional analyses and showed some continuity with later self-reported SHM at age 16. Particularly early psychotic experiences and cannabis use stood out as independent precursors of self-reported SHM and might constitute important risk markers for the development of future SHM and bipolar disorder. An important potential caveat of the current study includes the self-report assessment of SHM.",
author = "Nielsen, {Louise Gunhard} and {K{\o}ster Rimvall}, Martin and {Van Os}, Jim and Frank Verhulst and Rask, {Charlotte Ulrikka} and Skovgaard, {Anne Mette} and Olsen, {Else Marie} and Pia Jeppesen",
year = "2021",
month = jun,
doi = "10.1371/journal.pone.0253507",
language = "English",
volume = "16",
pages = "e0253507",
journal = "PLOS ONE",
issn = "1932-6203",
publisher = "Public Library of Science",
number = "6 June",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Precursors of self-reported subclinical hypomania in adolescence

T2 - A longitudinal general population study

AU - Nielsen, Louise Gunhard

AU - Køster Rimvall, Martin

AU - Van Os, Jim

AU - Verhulst, Frank

AU - Rask, Charlotte Ulrikka

AU - Skovgaard, Anne Mette

AU - Olsen, Else Marie

AU - Jeppesen, Pia

PY - 2021/6

Y1 - 2021/6

N2 - Symptoms of subclinical hypomania (SHM) are common in the general population of adolescents and young adults. SHM are most often transient yet might be risk markers of later bipolar disorder. The current study aimed to assess the clinical correlates of SHM at age 11 in the general population, examine the continuity of SHM from age 11-age 16 and explore the clinical precursors of age 16 SHM. As part of the Copenhagen Child Cohort 2000, 1,632 preadolescents participated in the examination of SHM and various clinical correlates at age 11, 893 were re-assessed for SHM at age 16 years. At age 11, SHM, psychotic experiences and depressive symptoms were assessed by semi-structured psychopathological interviews. Furthermore, the participants were diagnostically assessed by the Development and Well-Being Assessment and interviewed about sleep length. At age 16, SHM was assessed by self-report, using the Hypomania Checklist-32. Cannabis use occurring at age 15 or earlier was assessed at age 16. At age 11, SHM was associated with depressive disorders (Relative Risk [RR] = 2.96 [95% CI 1.26-6.96]), interview-based depressive symptoms (RR = 9.22 [5.93-14.34]), neurodevelopmental disorders (RR = 2.94 [1.66-5.20]), psychotic experiences (RR = 4.51 [2.90-7.01]) and insufficient sleep (RR = 2.10 [1.28-3.43]. In the longitudinal analyses, age 16 SHM was preceded by age 11 SHM (RR = 1.89 [1.02-3.49]), psychotic experiences (RR = 2.06, [1.28-3.33]), emotional disorders (RR = 1.77, [1.02-3.09]) and cannabis use (RR = 3.14, [1.93-5.10]), after mutual adjustment and adjustment for sex, and sociodemographic factors. In conclusion, age 11 SHM was statistically significantly associated with other types of psychopathology in cross-sectional analyses and showed some continuity with later self-reported SHM at age 16. Particularly early psychotic experiences and cannabis use stood out as independent precursors of self-reported SHM and might constitute important risk markers for the development of future SHM and bipolar disorder. An important potential caveat of the current study includes the self-report assessment of SHM.

AB - Symptoms of subclinical hypomania (SHM) are common in the general population of adolescents and young adults. SHM are most often transient yet might be risk markers of later bipolar disorder. The current study aimed to assess the clinical correlates of SHM at age 11 in the general population, examine the continuity of SHM from age 11-age 16 and explore the clinical precursors of age 16 SHM. As part of the Copenhagen Child Cohort 2000, 1,632 preadolescents participated in the examination of SHM and various clinical correlates at age 11, 893 were re-assessed for SHM at age 16 years. At age 11, SHM, psychotic experiences and depressive symptoms were assessed by semi-structured psychopathological interviews. Furthermore, the participants were diagnostically assessed by the Development and Well-Being Assessment and interviewed about sleep length. At age 16, SHM was assessed by self-report, using the Hypomania Checklist-32. Cannabis use occurring at age 15 or earlier was assessed at age 16. At age 11, SHM was associated with depressive disorders (Relative Risk [RR] = 2.96 [95% CI 1.26-6.96]), interview-based depressive symptoms (RR = 9.22 [5.93-14.34]), neurodevelopmental disorders (RR = 2.94 [1.66-5.20]), psychotic experiences (RR = 4.51 [2.90-7.01]) and insufficient sleep (RR = 2.10 [1.28-3.43]. In the longitudinal analyses, age 16 SHM was preceded by age 11 SHM (RR = 1.89 [1.02-3.49]), psychotic experiences (RR = 2.06, [1.28-3.33]), emotional disorders (RR = 1.77, [1.02-3.09]) and cannabis use (RR = 3.14, [1.93-5.10]), after mutual adjustment and adjustment for sex, and sociodemographic factors. In conclusion, age 11 SHM was statistically significantly associated with other types of psychopathology in cross-sectional analyses and showed some continuity with later self-reported SHM at age 16. Particularly early psychotic experiences and cannabis use stood out as independent precursors of self-reported SHM and might constitute important risk markers for the development of future SHM and bipolar disorder. An important potential caveat of the current study includes the self-report assessment of SHM.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85108207958&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1371/journal.pone.0253507

DO - 10.1371/journal.pone.0253507

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 34143836

VL - 16

SP - e0253507

JO - PLOS ONE

JF - PLOS ONE

SN - 1932-6203

IS - 6 June

M1 - e0253507

ER -

ID: 66409880