Abstract

Follistatin is secreted from the liver and may regulate muscle growth and insulin sensitivity. Protein intake stimulates follistatin secretion, which may be mediated by increased glucagon in the context of low insulin concentrations. We investigated circulating follistatin after mixed-meals in two cohorts of patients who were part of previously published studies and had undergone bariatric surgery with either simultaneous assessment of amino acid absorption or administration of the GLP-1 receptor antagonist exendin-(9-39), which increased glucagon concentrations and impaired insulin secretion. Study 1 comprised obese matched subjects with previous Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) or sleeve gastrectomy (SG) surgery and unoperated controls who underwent 6-hour mixed-meal tests with intravenous and oral tracers including intrinsically labelled caseinate in the meal. Study 2 comprised obese subjects with previous RYGB who underwent two 5-hour mixed-meal tests with concomitant exendin-(9-39) or saline infusion. In study 1, the secretion of follistatin as well as the amino acid absorption was accelerated after RYGB compared with SG and controls, but the glucagon-to-C-peptide ratios did not differ between the groups. In study 2, exendin-(9-39) administration increased postprandial glucagon concentrations and lowered insulin secretion, whereas the concentration of follistatin was unchanged. In conclusion, postprandial follistatin secretion is accelerated in patients after RYGB which might be explained by an accelerated protein absorption rate rather than the glucagon-to-insulin ratio.

Original languageEnglish
Article number170978
JournalPeptides
Volume163
Pages (from-to)170978
ISSN0196-9781
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2023

Keywords

  • Amino Acids
  • Blood Glucose/metabolism
  • Follistatin
  • Gastrectomy
  • Gastric Bypass
  • Glucagon/metabolism
  • Humans
  • Insulin/metabolism
  • Obesity/surgery

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