Postoperative orthostatic intolerance following fast-track unicompartmental knee arthroplasty: incidence and hemodynamics-a prospective observational cohort study

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Early postoperative mobilization is essential for early functional recovery but can be inhibited by postoperative orthostatic intolerance (OI). Postoperative OI is common after major surgery, such as total knee arthroplasty (TKA). However, limited data are available after less extensive surgery, such as unicompartmental knee arthroplasty (UKA). We, therefore, investigated the incidence of OI as well as cardiovascular and tissue oxygenation responses during early mobilization after UKA.

METHODS: This prospective single-centre observational study included 32 patients undergoing primary UKA. Incidence of OI and cardiovascular and tissue oxygenation responses during mobilization were evaluated preoperatively, at 6 and 24 h after surgery. Perioperative fluid balance, bleeding, surgery duration, postoperative hemoglobin, pain during mobilization and opioid usage were recorded.

RESULTS: During mobilization at 6 h after surgery, 4 (14%, 95%CI 4-33%) patients experienced OI; however, no patients terminated the mobilization procedure prematurely. Dizziness and feeling of heat were the most common symptoms. OI was associated with attenuated systolic and mean arterial blood pressure responses in the sitting position (all p < 0.05). At 24 h after surgery, 24 (75%) patients had already been discharged, including three of the four patients with early OI. Only five patients were available for measurements, two of whom experienced OI; one terminated the mobilization procedure due to intolerable symptoms. We observed no statistically significant differences in perioperative fluid balance, bleeding, surgery duration, postoperative hemoglobin, pain, or opioid usage between orthostatic intolerant and tolerant patients.

CONCLUSIONS: The incidence of orthostatic intolerance after fast-track unicompartmental knee arthroplasty is low (~ 15%) and is associated with decreased orthostatic pressure responses. Compared to the previously described orthostatic intolerance incidence of ~ 40% following total knee arthroplasty, early orthostatic intolerance is uncommon after unicompartmental knee arthroplasty, suggesting a procedure-specific component.

TRIAL REGISTRATION: Prospectively registered at ClinicalTrials.gov; registration number: NCT04195360, registration date: 13.12.2019.

Original languageEnglish
Article number214
JournalJournal of orthopaedic surgery and research
Volume19
Issue number1
Number of pages11
ISSN1749-799X
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2024

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