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Possible mechanisms involved in improved beta cell function in pregnant women with type 1 diabetes

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Pregnancy is known to be associated with an increased demand for insulin that is normally compensated by an increased beta cell mass and insulin secretion. Recent studies have suggested enhanced beta cell function during pregnancy in women with type 1 diabetes (T1D). To explore the possible mechanisms behind enhanced beta cell function during pregnancy in women with T1D we investigated the impact of circulating factors in serum from nine women from each group of pregnant women with and without T1D, after pregnancy and non-diabetic non-pregnant women on rat islet cell proliferation and apoptosis, and on T-lymphocyte activation. In addition, circulating levels of pancreatic hormones and selected cytokines and adipokines were measured. Rat islet cell proliferation was higher in serum from pregnant women with T1D (p < 0.05) compared to T1D women after pregnancy. Apoptosis in INS-1E cell was lower (p < 0.05) in serum from pregnant women with T1D compared to T1D women after pregnancy. T-lymphocyte cell (Jurkat) proliferation was reduced by serum from pregnant women without T1D only (p < 0.05). Higher C-peptide levels and lower levels of ghrelin, IL-6, MCP-1, IL-8 and adipsin were observed in pregnant women with T1D compared to T1D women after pregnancy. In conclusion, the improved beta cell function in women with T1D during pregnancy may be due to lower levels of proinflammatory cytokines and/or higher levels of pregnancy-associated growth factors.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere04569
JournalHeliyon
Volume6
Issue number8
Pages (from-to)e04569
ISSN2405-8440
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2020

    Research areas

  • Beta cells, C-peptide, Cytokines, Endocrinology, Immunology, Physiology, Pregnancy, Reproductive system, T-lymphocyte cell, Type 1 diabetes, Women's health

ID: 60977938