Research
Print page Print page
Switch language
The Capital Region of Denmark - a part of Copenhagen University Hospital
Published

Plasma lipid species at type 1 diabetes onset predict residual beta-cell function after 6 months

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

  1. Citrate NMR peak irreproducibility in blood samples after reacquisition of spectra

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

  2. Metabolomics reveals immunomodulation as a possible mechanism for the antibiotic effect of (Buch.-Ham. ex D. Don) H.Gross

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

  3. Weight loss and weight maintenance obtained with or without GLP-1 analogue treatment decrease branched chain amino acid levels

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

  1. Linking glycemic dysregulation in diabetes to symptoms, comorbidities, and genetics through EHR data mining

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

  2. NTCP model validation method for DAHANCA patient selection of protons versus photons in head and neck cancer radiotherapy

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

  3. Low carbohydrate diet elevates blood sphingomyelin in people with type 1 diabetes

    Research output: Contribution to journalConference abstract in journalResearchpeer-review

  4. N-glycosylation of plasma proteins is changed in children with early onset type 1 diabetes and regulated by glycosyltransferase and complement C3 genes

    Research output: Contribution to journalConference abstract in journalResearchpeer-review

View graph of relations

Introduction: The identification of metabolomic dysregulation appears promising for the prediction of type 1 diabetes and may also reveal metabolic pathways leading to beta-cell destruction. Recent studies indicate that regulation of multiple phospholipids precede the presence of autoantigens in the development of type 1 diabetes. Objectives: We hypothesize that lipid biomarkers in plasma from children with recent onset type 1 diabetes will reflect their remaining beta-cell function and predict future changes in beta-cell function. Methods: We performed targeted lipidomic profiling by electrospray ionization tandem mass spectrometry to acquire comparative measures of 354 lipid species covering 25 lipid classes and subclasses in plasma samples from 123 patients < 17 years of age followed prospectively at 1, 3, 6 and 12 months after diagnosis. Lipidomic profiles were analysed using liner regression to investigate the relationship between plasma lipids and meal stimulated C-peptide levels at each time point. P-values were corrected for multiple comparisons by the method of Benjamini and Hochberg. Results: Linear regression analysis showed that the relative levels of cholesteryl ester, diacylglycerol and triacylglycerol at 1 month were associated to the change in c-peptide levels from 1 to 6 months (corrected p-values of 4.06E−03, 1.72E−02 and 1.72E02, respectively). Medium chain saturated and monounsaturated fatty acids were the major constituents of the di- and triacylglycerol species suggesting a link with increased lipogenesis. Conclusion: These observations support the hypothesis of lipid disturbances as explanatory factors for residual beta-cell function in children with new onset type 1 diabetes.

Original languageEnglish
Article number158
JournalMetabolomics
Volume14
Issue number12
ISSN1573-3882
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2018

    Research areas

  • Diabetes in childhood, Metabonomics, Prediction and prevention of type 1 diabetes

ID: 55872700