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Phospholipases A2 in ocular homeostasis and diseases

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  1. Lactate: More Than Merely a Metabolic Waste Product in the Inner Retina

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  2. Melanopsin-mediated pupillary light reflex and sleep quality in patients with normal tension glaucoma

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  3. Lactate-Mediated Protection of Retinal Ganglion Cells

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  4. Dual Properties of Lactate in Müller Cells: The Effect of GPR81 Activation

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  5. Clinical and molecular markers in retinal detachment-From hyperreflective points to stem cells and inflammation

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Phospholipases A(2) (PLA(2)s) and its generation of second messengers play an important role in signal transduction, cell proliferation, cell survival and gene expression. At low concentrations mediators of PLA(2) activity have a variety of physiological effects whereas high levels of PLA(2) and its metabolites are generated during pathological conditions. The eye is an immunoprivileged organ with tight barriers and a complex interplay among various cell types. Overall, vision is a complex process which requires a clear corneal surface and lens, and thereby a clear pathway through the eye into the retina. In the retina the photoreceptors transmit light into neuronal signals that are finally transferred to the brain to perceive an image. Growing knowledge of a role of PLA(2) in ocular diseases appears and the present review aims to summarize the vast literature on PLA(2) in the normal eye as well as during pathological conditions.
Original languageEnglish
JournalBiochimie
Volume92
Issue number6
Pages (from-to)611-9
Number of pages9
ISSN0300-9084
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2010

ID: 32302344