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Perioperative cardiovascular complications following urogynecological operations

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INTRODUCTION: The risk of perioperative cardiovascular complications following operations for urinary incontinence and pelvic organ prolapse (POP) must be taken into consideration during surgical planning. The literature on the cardiovascular risk following urinary incontinence and POP operations shows conflicting results. Our aims were to provide an estimate of the mortality and the risk of cardiovascular complications following urinary incontinence and POP operations considering women's preoperative cardiovascular comorbidity.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: This nationwide register-based study includes a total of 13 992 operations for urinary incontinence and 35 765 for POP from 2007 to 2017. The risk was estimated as an incidence/rate ratio for women with and without former cardiovascular comorbidity adjusted for relevant confounders by using a case-crossover study design.

RESULTS: A total of 7677 patients were at high risk, with a cardiovascular comorbidity prior to the operation, and 42 076 patients were at low risk, with no cardiovascular comorbidity. Overall, 11 patients died within 30 days following an operation, of whom five were in the high-risk group and six in the low-risk group. Of the women at high risk, 0.59% had cardiovascular complications from 0 to 6 days following an operation, corresponding to an incidence/rate ratio of 3.64 (95% CI; 2.67-4.97), compared with women at low risk where no complications were registered in the first week.

CONCLUSIONS: We found an increased risk of cardiovascular complications following urogynecological operations in women with preoperative cardiovascular comorbidity, and no increased risk in women without prior cardiovascular comorbidity. In general, the risk of cardiovascular complications was lower than that found in previous studies.

Original languageEnglish
JournalActa Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica
Volume98
Issue number1
Pages (from-to)61-67
Number of pages7
ISSN0001-6349
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2019

ID: 56363147