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Percutaneous Cholecystostomy Versus Conservative Treatment for Acute Cholecystitis: a Cohort Study

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BACKGROUND: Percutaneous cholecystostomy is frequently used as a treatment option for acute calculous cholecystitis in patients unfit for surgery. There is sparse evidence on the long-term impact of cholecystostomy on gallstone-related morbidity and mortality in patients with acute calculous cholecystitis. This study describes the long-term outcome of acute calculous cholecystitis following percutaneous cholecystostomy compared to conservative treatment.

METHODS: This was a cohort study of patients admitted at our institution from 2006 to 2015 with acute calculous cholecystitis without early or delayed cholecystectomy. Endpoints were gallstone-related readmissions, recurrent cholecystitis, and overall mortality.

RESULTS: The investigation included 201 patients of whom 97 (48.2%) underwent percutaneous cholecystostomy. Patients in the cholecystostomy group had significantly higher age, comorbidity level, and inflammatory response at admission. The median duration of catheter placement in the cholecystostomy group was 6 days. The complication rate of cholecystostomy was 3.1% and the mortality during the index admission was 3.5%. The median follow-up was 1.6 years. The rate of gallstone-related readmissions was 38.6%, and 25.3% had recurrence of cholecystitis. Cox regression analyses revealed no significant differences in gallstone-related readmissions, recurrence of acute calculous cholecystitis, and overall mortality in the two groups.

CONCLUSIONS: Percutaneous cholecystostomy in the treatment of acute calculous cholecystitis was neither associated with long-term benefits nor complications. Based on the high gallstone-related readmission rates of this study population and todays perioperative improvements, we suggest rethinking the indications for non-operative management including percutaneous cholecystostomy in acute calculous cholecystitis.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of gastrointestinal surgery : official journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
Volume23
Issue number2
Pages (from-to)297-303
Number of pages7
ISSN1091-255X
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2019

ID: 57240673