Pediatric Transthoracic Cardiac Vector Flow Imaging - A Preliminary Pictorial Study

Kristoffer Lindskov Hansen, Klaus Juul, Hasse Møller-Sørensen, Jens C Nilsson, Jørgen Arendt Jensen, Michael Bachmann Nielsen

13 Citations (Scopus)


Purpose Conventional pediatric echocardiography is crucial for diagnosing congenital heart disease (CHD), but the technique is impaired by angle dependency. Vector flow imaging (VFI) is an angle-independent noninvasive ultrasound alternative for blood flow assessment and can assess complex flow patterns not visible on conventional Doppler ultrasound. Materials and Methods 12 healthy newborns and 3 infants with CHD were examined with transthoracic cardiac VFI using a conventional ultrasound scanner and a linear array. Results VFI examinations revealed common cardiac flow patterns among the healthy newborns, and flow changes among the infants with CHD not previously reported with conventional echocardiography. Conclusion For assessment of cardiac flow in the normal and diseased pediatric heart, VFI may provide additional information compared to conventional echocardiography and become a useful diagnostic tool.

Original languageEnglish
JournalUltrasound International Open
Issue number1
Pages (from-to)E20-E26
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2019


  • Cardiac flow
  • Congenital heart disease
  • Transthoracic echocardiography
  • Transverse Oscillation
  • Vector Flow Imaging


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