Patients' experiences of being treated for acute illness at home as an alternative to hospital admission: a qualitative study in Denmark

Dorthe Gaby Bove, Pernille Edelgaard Christensen, Peter Gjersøe, Marie Lavesen

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: We aimed to investigate the experiences of Danish patients treated at home for an acute illness instead of being hospitalised.

DESIGN: This study had a qualitative design inspired by the methodology of interpretive description. Data were collected through semistructured interviews.

SETTING: Home treatment was conducted by a team of nurses (n=10-15) supported by physiotherapists and physicians, all affiliated with an emergency department, located in the capital region of Denmark. Interviews were conducted between August 2020 and April 2021.

PARTICIPANTS: Twenty-one patients, aged 34-94 years, narrated their experiences of being treated at home for an acute illness.

RESULTS: The overarching theme in our analyses was that 'being the centre of the nurses' attention provided safety, patient involvement and quality of life during home treatment'. The following six themes emerged from analyses: (1) exclusive attention facilitates involvement and activity; (2) hospitals are for the sick; (3) maintaining a meaningful everyday life; (4) the hospital exudes productivity and busyness; (5) family relations and roles are maintained; (6) and concerns of deterioration.

CONCLUSIONS: From a patient's perspective, home treatment made sense and was perceived as a quality improvement. Being the centre of nurses' attention induced a sense of safety, involvement and enhanced quality of life among patients during the treatment course for an acute illness.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere060490
JournalBMJ Paediatrics Open
Volume12
Issue number5
Pages (from-to)e060490
ISSN2399-9772
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 24 May 2022

Keywords

  • Acute Disease
  • Denmark
  • Hospitals
  • Humans
  • Qualitative Research
  • Quality of Life
  • organisation of health services
  • health & safety
  • qualitative research
  • quality in health care

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