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The Capital Region of Denmark - a part of Copenhagen University Hospital
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Patient iPSC-Derived Neurons for Disease Modeling of Frontotemporal Dementia with Mutation in CHMP2B

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  1. An In Vitro Differentiation Protocol for Human Embryonic Bipotential Gonad and Testis Cell Development

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  2. Transient p53 suppression increases reprogramming of human fibroblasts without affecting apoptosis and DNA damage

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  3. Mesenchymal stromal cell phenotype is not influenced by confluence during culture expansion

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  1. Mendelian randomization implies no direct causal association between leukocyte telomere length and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis

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  2. Paroxysmal Cranial Dyskinesia and Nail-Patella Syndrome Caused by a Novel Variant in the LMX1B Gene

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  3. Mania triggered by levodopa treatment in a patient with frontotemporal dementia caused by A C9orf72 repeat expansion: A case report

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  4. Glutamate-glutamine homeostasis is perturbed in neurons and astrocytes derived from patient iPSC models of frontotemporal dementia

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  5. Enhancement of Autophagy and Solubilization of Ataxin-2 Alleviate Apoptosis in Spinocerebellar Ataxia Type 2 Patient Cells

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  • Chen-Yu Zhang
  • Benjamin Schmid
  • Nanett K Nikolaisen
  • Mikkel Aabech Rasmussen
  • Blanca I Aldana
  • Mikkel Agger
  • Kirstine Calloe
  • Tina C Stummann
  • Hjalte M Larsen
  • Troels T Nielsen
  • Jinrong Huang
  • Fengping Xu
  • Xin Liu
  • Lars Bolund
  • Morten Meyer
  • Lasse K Bak
  • Helle S Waagepetersen
  • Yonglun Luo
  • Jørgen E Nielsen
  • Bjørn Holst
  • Christian Clausen
  • Poul Hyttel
  • Kristine K Freude
  • FReJA Consortium
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The truncated mutant form of the charged multivesicular body protein 2B (CHMP2B) is causative for frontotemporal dementia linked to chromosome 3 (FTD3). CHMP2B is a constituent of the endosomal sorting complex required for transport (ESCRT) and, when mutated, disrupts endosome-to-lysosome trafficking and substrate degradation. To understand the underlying molecular pathology, FTD3 patient induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) were differentiated into forebrain-type cortical neurons. FTD3 neurons exhibited abnormal endosomes, as previously shown in patients. Moreover, mitochondria of FTD3 neurons displayed defective cristae formation, accompanied by deficiencies in mitochondrial respiration and increased levels of reactive oxygen. In addition, we provide evidence for perturbed iron homeostasis, presenting an in vitro patient-specific model to study the effects of iron accumulation in neurodegenerative diseases. All phenotypes observed in FTD3 neurons were rescued in CRISPR/Cas9-edited isogenic controls. These findings illustrate the relevance of our patient-specific in vitro models and open up possibilities for drug target development.

Original languageEnglish
JournalStem Cell Reviews and Reports
Volume8
Issue number3
Pages (from-to)648-658
Number of pages11
ISSN1550-8943
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 14 Mar 2017

    Research areas

  • Journal Article

ID: 51500951