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The Capital Region of Denmark - a part of Copenhagen University Hospital
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Pathology of the heart in AIDS. A study of 60 consecutive autopsies.

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  • B F Hansen
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Cardiac disease and cardiac death in AIDS patients is seldom reported. In recent years minor cardiac abnormalities have been demonstrated, especially by echocardiography. Cardiac pathology in AIDS patients is here reported from 60 consecutive autopsies where the heart was investigated either using single samples of ventricular myocardium (the first 21 cases) or by an examination of the whole heart (the last 39 cases). Myocarditis according to the Dallas criteria was seen in 25 of 60 cases (42%), and in seven of these cases a probable pathogen (Toxoplasma gondii, cytomegalovirus, fungi) was demonstrated. Diffuse myocardial fibrosis was seen in 40 of 60 cases (67%) and is considered to be partly due to repair after myocyte necrosis/myocarditis. A myocardium thus weakened might not be able to meet an increase in functional demand, and in 15 of the 39 cases (38%) where an examination of the whole heart was performed, there was dilation and/or hypertrophy of the right ventricle. This is in agreement with our knowledge that the main diseases and main causes of death in AIDS patients are pulmonary. Survival time in AIDS is increasing due to ever improving symptomatic treatment, and the results of this study indicate that the prevalence of especially right-sided heart failure will increase.
Translated title of the contributionPathology of the heart in AIDS. A study of 60 consecutive autopsies.
Original languageEnglish
JournalAPMIS : acta pathologica, microbiologica, et immunologica Scandinavica
Volume100
Issue number3
Pages (from-to)273-279
Number of pages7
ISSN0903-4641
Publication statusPublished - 1992

ID: 32500316