Past, Present, and Future Labor Market Participation Among Patients Admitted to Hospital With Concurrent Substance Use and Mental Health Disorder, and What We Can Learn From It

Lea Sell, Henrik Lambrecht Lund, Katrine Schepelern Johansen

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study is to investigate the labor market participation of patients with concurrent substance use and mental health disorder before treatment, as well as the strength of the barriers to re-enter the labor market.

METHODS: The study population is composed of individuals with concurrent substance use and mental health disorder at a psychiatric unit in 1996, 2001, 2006, 2011, and 2016. The number of self-supported years 20 years back in time, as well as present and subsequent employment, was calculated.

RESULTS: From 1996 to 2016, there was a decrease by 43.8% in self-supported years before treatment and by 36.4% in the fraction of patients working at the time of admission.

CONCLUSIONS: The results point to increasing difficulties with regard to labor market attachment among individuals with mental illnesses.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Volume64
Issue number12
Pages (from-to)1041-1045
Number of pages5
ISSN1076-2752
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2022

Keywords

  • Sennett
  • concurrent substance use and mental health disorder
  • dual diagnosis
  • inclusion
  • individual placement and support
  • integrated treatment
  • labor market
  • mental health
  • re-engineering of work
  • schizophrenia
  • self-esteem
  • social skills
  • substance use disorder
  • work ability
  • youth unemployment

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