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Oxyntomodulin and glicentin may predict the effect of bariatric surgery on food preferences and weight loss

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BACKGROUND: Alterations in several gastrointestinal hormones are implicated in the postoperative suppression of food intake leading to weight loss after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) and sleeve gastrectomy (SG). The aim was to evaluate changes in responses of gastrointestinal hormones after RYGB and SG and the associations of these changes with weight loss, energy intake, and food preferences.

METHODS: Forty-two subjects with severe obesity were included (32 RYGB; 10 SG). Postprandial responses of glicentin, oxyntomodulin, glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1), peptide YY (PYY), and ghrelin were measured before and 6 months after surgery. Energy intake and energy density were assessed before and 6 months after surgery using a buffet meal test and weight loss was assessed 18 months after surgery.

RESULTS: Postprandial concentrations of glicentin, oxyntomodulin, GLP-1, and ghrelin differed between RYGB and SG (all P ≤ .02). Enhanced responses of glicentin and oxyntomodulin predicted a greater weight loss (both P < .01) and were associated with a larger decrease in energy density (P ≤ .04). No associations were found for GLP-1, PYY, and ghrelin, and changes were not associated with changes in energy intake. When combing all hormones, 60%, 19%, and 33% of the variations in weight loss, energy intake, and energy density, respectively, could be explained.

CONCLUSION: Postprandial responses of gastrointestinal hormones differed between RYGB and SG. Enhanced responses of glicentin and oxyntomodulin predicted a better weight loss and were associated with a decreased preference for energy-dense foods. Replication of these results could imply an opportunity to identify patients in need of additional support after surgical treatments of obesity.

Original languageEnglish
JournalThe Journal of clinical endocrinology and metabolism
Volume105
Issue number4
Pages (from-to)1-11
ISSN0021-972X
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2020

ID: 59938598