Oxygen Uptake During Activities of Daily Life in Patients Treated With a Left Ventricular Assist Device

Kiran K Mirza*, Thomas Bonne, Nikolai B Nordsborg, Kasper Rossing, Søren Boesgaard, Finn Gustafsson

*Corresponding author for this work

Abstract

INTRODUCTION: Oxygen consumption during activities of daily life (ADL) is not described in recipients of left ventricular assist device (LVAD). We aimed to investigate the relation between oxygen consumption during predefined ADLs and measures of functional capacity (FC) in stable-phase LVAD recipients.

METHODS: LVADs and controls were matched on gender, age, BMI, smoking status, and ethnicity. VO2 was measured using mobile equipment (K5, Cosmed, Rome, Italy) while putting on vest and LVAD equipment(1), folding towels(2), putting on socks and shoes(3), putting bottles in a cupboard(4), making a bed(5), walking on stairs without(6) and with extra weight(7), and sweeping the floor(8). Submaximal FC was tested by means of 6 minute walk test (6MWT) and peak oxygen uptake (pVO2) to test maximal FC.

RESULTS: Fifteen LVAD patients and 16 controls were included; Patients were 61 ± 10years, all males with BMI 28 ± 5kg/m2 and implanted with Heartmate 3 (DT: 60%). PVO2 was 14.9 ± 2.2 ml/kg/min in patients and 39.6 ± 7.7 in controls (p < 0.001). Oxygen consumption expressed as percent of pVO2 for each task in patients vs controls was (%): ADL1: 41 ± 5 vs 21 ± 4, ADL2: 41 ± 6 vs 22 ± 5 %, ADL3: 50 ± 16 vs 24 ± 5%, ADL4: 45 ± 12 vs 22 ± 4, ADL5: 50 ± 8 vs 23 ± 4, ADL6: 66 ± 10 vs 30 ± 4, ADL7: 65 ± 10 vs 31 ± 5, ADL8: 75 ± 10 vs 39 ± 12, (p < 0.001 for all). During 6MWT LVAD patients used 96% ± 8 % of their pVO2.

CONCLUSION: Recipients of durable LVADs perform daily life activities at oxygen uptake levels much closer to their peak cardiopulmonary reserve than matched healthy controls.

Original languageEnglish
JournalThe Journal of heart and lung transplantation : the official publication of the International Society for Heart Transplantation
Volume41
Issue number7
Pages (from-to)982-990
Number of pages9
ISSN1053-2498
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2022

Keywords

  • Activities of Daily Living
  • Exercise Test
  • Heart Failure/surgery
  • Heart-Assist Devices
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Oxygen
  • Oxygen Consumption
  • Respiratory Function Tests

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