Outstanding Response to Sorafenib in a Patient with Metastatic Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumour

Charlotte Brinch, Marie Dehnfeld, Estrid Hogdall, Tim Svenstrup Poulsen, Anders Toxvaerd, Gina Al-Farra, Magnus Bergenfeldt, Anders Krarup-Hansen

Abstract

Gastrointestinal stromal tumour (GIST) is the most common sarcoma and can be seen in any part of the gastrointestinal tract. The effect of tyrosine kinase inhibitors varies with mutation status in receptor tyrosine kinase KIT and in platelet-derived growth factor receptor A (PDGFRA). This case presents a 61-year-old man, diagnosed with an 11-cm GIST located at the stomach with a high risk of recurrence. The patient showed intolerance to imatinib shortly after introduction and subsequently progressed on sunitinib and nilotinib. The patient started fourth-line treatment with sorafenib with an impressive response to a point at which metastases intra-abdominally and in the liver could be resected. After surgery, sorafenib was restarted. Due to toxicity, sorafenib dose was reduced over time. The dose was insufficient to control the disease since a new recurrence was detected. Mutation analyses revealed a GIST harbouring a deletion of codon p.I843_D846del, located at PDGFRA exon 18, right next to the codon D842 where mutations are known leading to imatinib resistance. In this case, the GIST was highly sensitive to sorafenib, and the response was dose related. It is mandatory to perform mutation analyses on primary tumour and at recurrence in the decision-making of the correct treatment for the patient. In March 2021, the patient had been in treatment with sorafenib for 12.5 years and was still without signs of recurrence. A multidisciplinary approach was essential for the long-term survival of the patient in this case.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationCase Reports in Oncology
Number of pages7
Volume14
Publication date2021
Edition3
Pages1567-1573
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021
SeriesCase Reports in Oncology
ISSN1662-6575

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