Organized thrombus is a frequent underlying feature in culprit lesion morphology in non-ST-elevation myocardial infarction. A study using optical coherence tomography and magnetic resonance imaging

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

The concept that the culprit lesion in non-ST segment elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI) is caused by sudden plaque rupture with acute thrombus formation has recently been challenged. While angiography is an old gold-standard for culprit identification it merely visualizes the lumen contour. Optical coherence tomography (OCT) provides a detailed view of culprit features. Combined with myocardial edema on cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR), indicating acute ischemia and thus culprit location, we aimed to characterize culprit lesions using OCT. Patients with NSTEMI referred for angiography were prospectively enrolled. OCT was performed on angiographic stenoses ≥50% and on operator-suspected culprit lesions. Hierarchical OCT-culprit identifiers were defined in case of multiple unstable lesions, including OCT-defined thrombus age. An OCT-based definition of an organizing thrombus as corresponding to histological early healing stage was introduced. Lesions were classified as OCT-culprit or non-culprit, and characteristics compared. CMR was performed in a subset of patients. We included 65 patients with 97 lesions, of which 49 patients (75%) had 53 (54%) OCT-culprit lesions. The most common OCT-culprit identifiers were the presence of acute (66%) and organizing thrombus (19%). Plaque rupture was visible in 45% of OCT-culprit lesions. CMR performed in 38 patients revealed myocardial oedema in the corresponding territories of 67% of acute thrombi and 50% of organizing thrombi. A culprit lesion was identified by OCT in 75% patients with NSTEMI. Acute thrombus was the most frequent feature followed by organizing thrombus. Applying specific OCT-criteria to identify the culprit could prove valuable in ambiguous cases.

Original languageEnglish
JournalThe international journal of cardiovascular imaging
Volume40
Issue number2
Pages (from-to)441-449
Number of pages9
ISSN1569-5794
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2024

Keywords

  • Coronary Angiography
  • Coronary Vessels/diagnostic imaging
  • Humans
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging
  • Non-ST Elevated Myocardial Infarction/diagnostic imaging
  • Plaque, Atherosclerotic/pathology
  • Predictive Value of Tests
  • Rupture/pathology
  • ST Elevation Myocardial Infarction/diagnostic imaging
  • Thrombosis/pathology
  • Tomography, Optical Coherence

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