Research
Print page Print page
Switch language
The Capital Region of Denmark - a part of Copenhagen University Hospital
Published

Occupational hand eczema reduces career length in hairdressers: a prospective cohort study of Danish hairdressers graduating from 1985 to 2007

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

  1. Repetitive and forceful movements of the hand as predictors of treatment for pain in the distal upper extremities

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

  2. Night work and incidence of Parkinson's disease in the Danish Nurse Cohort

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

  3. Occupational exposure to solar ultraviolet B radiation and risk of subtypes of breast cancer in Danish women

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

  1. A comparison between self-reported hand eczema and self-reported signs and symptoms of skin lesions indicating hand eczema

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

  2. Can patient-reported outcome measures be used to predict consultation needs in patients with psoriasis? A survey study

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

  3. Clinical characteristics of combined rosacea and migraine

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

View graph of relations

BACKGROUND: Occupational hand eczema (OHE) is common in hairdressers, and many leave the trade because of the disease. However, the exact impact of OHE on career length is unknown.

OBJECTIVE: To assess the effect of OHE on career length and risk factors associated with leaving the trade because of OHE in hairdressers followed-up for up to 35 years.

METHODS: A prospective cohort study of Danish hairdressers graduating between 1985 and 2007 (n=5219) was performed. A questionnaire was sent in 2009 and 2020. The Danish Labor Marked Supplementary Pension Scheme provided information on affiliation to the hairdressing profession. Career length was assessed by Kaplan-Meier analyses.

RESULTS: The median survival time was 12.0 (95% CI 11.0 to 13.0) years in graduates with OHE and 14.0 (95% CI 12.6 to 15.4) years in graduates without OHE (p<0.001). Graduates with a frequency of hand eczema (HE) of 'once', 'several times' and 'almost all the time' had a median survival time of 20.0 (95% CI 14.6 to 25.4), 12.0 (95% CI 10.7 to 13.3) and 7.0 (95% CI 5.6 to 8.4) years, respectively. Graduates with OHE that left the trade (partly) because of HE constituted 11.7% of the study population. Factors associated with leaving the trade because of HE included a history of atopic dermatitis (adjusted OR (aOR) 2.2 (95% CI 1.2 to 4.0), a history of a positive patch test (aOR 5.1 (95% CI 2.3 to 11.0) and allergy to hair dyes (aOR 9.4 (95% CI 3.4 to 25.6).

CONCLUSION: Career length is reduced in hairdressers with OHE, especially if frequently relapsing or caused by contact allergy, for example, to hair dyes.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2022-108230
JournalOccupational and Environmental Medicine
Volume79
Issue number10
Pages (from-to)649-655
Number of pages7
ISSN1351-0711
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2022

Bibliographical note

© Author(s) (or their employer(s)) 2022. No commercial re-use. See rights and permissions. Published by BMJ.

    Research areas

  • Denmark/epidemiology, Dermatitis, Allergic Contact/epidemiology, Dermatitis, Occupational/epidemiology, Eczema/epidemiology, Hair Dyes/adverse effects, Hand Dermatoses/chemically induced, Humans, Prospective Studies

ID: 84807206