Occlusive wound closure prevents prolonged wound discharge-A randomised controlled trial in patients undergoing tumour resection and endoprosthetic reconstruction of the proximal femur because of metastatic bone disease

Abstract

Prolonged wound discharge is a common postoperative complication of orthopaedic procedures and a risk factor for implant-related infection. Occlusive wound closure methods have previously been suggested to reduce or even prevent this complication. We performed a randomised controlled trial on 70 patients who underwent surgical treatment for metastatic bone disease involving the proximal femur at our centre between January 2017 and August 2018. At conclusion of the tumour resection and endoprosthetic reconstruction procedure, patients were randomised to either occlusive wound closure (n = 35), using the Dermabond Prineo-22 skin closure system, or routine wound closure with conventional skin staples (n = 35). Skin closure with occlusive wound closure resulted in a lesser degree (P < .0001) and shorter duration of postoperative wound discharge (HR 2.89 [95% CI 1.6-5.05], P < .0018). Compared with staples, surgical wounds were already dry after a mean of 3.5 days [95% CI 3.2-3.9] versus 6.1 days [95% CI 4.8-7.3] (P < .0001). Prolonged wound discharge for 7 days or more was observed in 23% of patients (n = 8) in the Staples-group but was entirely absent in the occlusive wound closure group (P < .003). This study provides strong evidence that occlusive wound closure reduces frequency, degree, and duration of wound discharge in a patient population at particularly high risk for this complication.

Original languageEnglish
JournalInternational Wound Journal
Volume20
Issue number7
Pages (from-to)2802-2810
Number of pages9
ISSN1742-4801
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sept 2023

Keywords

  • Bone Diseases/etiology
  • Femur/surgery
  • Humans
  • Neoplasms
  • Postoperative Complications/prevention & control
  • Surgical Wound Infection/etiology
  • Suture Techniques/adverse effects
  • Sutures
  • Wound Closure Techniques

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