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Novel whole-body magnetic resonance imaging response and remission criteria document diminished inflammation during golimumab treatment in axial spondyloarthritis

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OBJECTIVES: To investigate criteria for treatment response and remission in patients with axial SpA as assessed by whole-body magnetic resonance imaging (WB-MRI) of axial and peripheral joints and entheses during treatment with golimumab.

METHODS: We performed an investigator-initiated cohort study of 53 patients who underwent WB-MRI at weeks 0, 4, 16 and 52 after initiation of golimumab. Images were assessed according to the Spondyloarthritis Research Consortium of Canada MRI SI joint inflammation index, Canada-Denmark MRI spine inflammation score and the MRI peripheral joints and entheses inflammation index.

RESULTS: At weeks 4, 16 and 52, WB-MRI demonstrated an at least 50% reduction of MRI inflammation of the sacroiliac joints in 16, 29 and 32 (30%, 55% and 60%) patients, of the spine in 20, 30 and 31 (38%, 57% and 58%) patients and of peripheral joints and entheses in 8, 17 and 15 (15%, 32% and 28%) patients, respectively. The BASDAI50 response was achieved by 29, 31 and 31 (55%, 58% and 58%) patients, while ASDAS clinically important improvement (ASDAS-CII) was achieved by 37, 40 and 34 (70%, 75% and 64%) patients. WB-MRI remission criteria for spine, sacroiliac joints and peripheral joints and entheses were explored; total WB-MRI remission was attained by 2, 6 and 3 (4%, 11% and 6%) patients. At week 16, among 35 patients with an at least 50% reduction in the MRI Axial Inflammation Index (sacroiliac joint and spine inflammation), 29 (83%) achieved BASDAI50 and 35 (100%) achieved ASDAS-CII; among 16 patients with MRI axial inflammation non-response, 14 (88%) were BASDAI50 non-responders and 11 (69%) did not achieve ASDAS-CII.

CONCLUSION: WB-MRI demonstrated a significant reduction of inflammation in both the spine, sacroiliac joints and peripheral joints and entheses during golimumab treatment. Few patients achieved total WB-MRI remission. Combining spinal and sacroiliac joint inflammation in an MRI Axial Inflammation Index increased the ability to capture response.

TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov, http://clinicaltrials.gov, NCT02011386.

Original languageEnglish
JournalRheumatology (Oxford, England)
Volume59
Issue number11
Pages (from-to)3358-3368
Number of pages10
ISSN1462-0324
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2020

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    Research areas

  • magnetic resonance imaging, outcome assessment, spondyloarthropathy, inflammation

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