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No long-term effect of oral stimulation on the intra-oral vacuum in healthy premature infants

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@article{529fcc3f5cd24326bc6da412fa8952c7,
title = "No long-term effect of oral stimulation on the intra-oral vacuum in healthy premature infants",
abstract = "AIM: Exclusive breastfeeding is recommended for the first 6 months of life, but the breastfeeding rate in premature infants is low. We examined the effect of oral stimulation on infant's strength of suction and the relation between this intra-oral vacuum and breastfeeding duration.METHOD: Between 2016 and 2018, 211 infants in a Danish neonatal unit were randomised 1:1 and of these 108 to oral stimulation intervention and 103 to control. Suction was measured as peak vacuum at enrolment and a corrected age of 6 weeks. Breastfeeding duration was registered.RESULTS: Vacuum increased from enrolment to a corrected age of 6 weeks in all infants, and no effect of oral stimulation intervention was demonstrated P = .08. Infants born ≤32 gestational weeks had lower vacuum compared with infants born after, 350 vs 398 mbar P < .001. For infants born after 32 gestational weeks, the odds ratio for exclusive breastfeeding at 6 months was 1.99 per 100 mbar increase in vacuum P = .01.CONCLUSION: In our study, infant's intra-oral vacuum increased with age and was not affected by the oral stimulation intervention. For infants born after 32 gestational weeks, the exclusive breastfeeding rate was positively associated with a strong vacuum.",
keywords = "exclusive breastfeeding, intra-oral vacuum, oral stimulation, premature infants, strength of suction",
author = "D Skaaning and H Kronborg and A Br{\o}dsgaard and R Solmer and O Pryds and E Carlsen",
note = "{\circledC} 2020 Foundation Acta Paediatrica. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.",
year = "2020",
month = "10",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1111/apa.15289",
language = "English",
volume = "109",
pages = "2025--2032",
journal = "Acta paediatrica",
issn = "1651-2227",
publisher = "Wiley-Blackwell Publishing Ltd",
number = "10",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - No long-term effect of oral stimulation on the intra-oral vacuum in healthy premature infants

AU - Skaaning, D

AU - Kronborg, H

AU - Brødsgaard, A

AU - Solmer, R

AU - Pryds, O

AU - Carlsen, E

N1 - © 2020 Foundation Acta Paediatrica. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

PY - 2020/10/1

Y1 - 2020/10/1

N2 - AIM: Exclusive breastfeeding is recommended for the first 6 months of life, but the breastfeeding rate in premature infants is low. We examined the effect of oral stimulation on infant's strength of suction and the relation between this intra-oral vacuum and breastfeeding duration.METHOD: Between 2016 and 2018, 211 infants in a Danish neonatal unit were randomised 1:1 and of these 108 to oral stimulation intervention and 103 to control. Suction was measured as peak vacuum at enrolment and a corrected age of 6 weeks. Breastfeeding duration was registered.RESULTS: Vacuum increased from enrolment to a corrected age of 6 weeks in all infants, and no effect of oral stimulation intervention was demonstrated P = .08. Infants born ≤32 gestational weeks had lower vacuum compared with infants born after, 350 vs 398 mbar P < .001. For infants born after 32 gestational weeks, the odds ratio for exclusive breastfeeding at 6 months was 1.99 per 100 mbar increase in vacuum P = .01.CONCLUSION: In our study, infant's intra-oral vacuum increased with age and was not affected by the oral stimulation intervention. For infants born after 32 gestational weeks, the exclusive breastfeeding rate was positively associated with a strong vacuum.

AB - AIM: Exclusive breastfeeding is recommended for the first 6 months of life, but the breastfeeding rate in premature infants is low. We examined the effect of oral stimulation on infant's strength of suction and the relation between this intra-oral vacuum and breastfeeding duration.METHOD: Between 2016 and 2018, 211 infants in a Danish neonatal unit were randomised 1:1 and of these 108 to oral stimulation intervention and 103 to control. Suction was measured as peak vacuum at enrolment and a corrected age of 6 weeks. Breastfeeding duration was registered.RESULTS: Vacuum increased from enrolment to a corrected age of 6 weeks in all infants, and no effect of oral stimulation intervention was demonstrated P = .08. Infants born ≤32 gestational weeks had lower vacuum compared with infants born after, 350 vs 398 mbar P < .001. For infants born after 32 gestational weeks, the odds ratio for exclusive breastfeeding at 6 months was 1.99 per 100 mbar increase in vacuum P = .01.CONCLUSION: In our study, infant's intra-oral vacuum increased with age and was not affected by the oral stimulation intervention. For infants born after 32 gestational weeks, the exclusive breastfeeding rate was positively associated with a strong vacuum.

KW - exclusive breastfeeding

KW - intra-oral vacuum

KW - oral stimulation

KW - premature infants

KW - strength of suction

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85083456388&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1111/apa.15289

DO - 10.1111/apa.15289

M3 - Journal article

VL - 109

SP - 2025

EP - 2032

JO - Acta paediatrica

JF - Acta paediatrica

SN - 1651-2227

IS - 10

ER -

ID: 59657203