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Nationwide Propensity-Score Matched Study of Mesh Versus Suture Repair of Primary Ventral Hernias in Women with a Subsequent Pregnancy

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@article{6ac2511766314ed8b5da80d9842807e2,
title = "Nationwide Propensity-Score Matched Study of Mesh Versus Suture Repair of Primary Ventral Hernias in Women with a Subsequent Pregnancy",
abstract = "BACKGROUND: Mesh reinforcement is recommended for repair of primary ventral hernias; however, this recommendation does not consider a potential subsequent pregnancy. The aim of this prospective cohort study was to compare mesh and suture repair of a primary ventral hernia in women with a subsequent pregnancy.METHODS: All women of childbearing age who underwent repair of a primary ventral hernia between 2007 and 2014 were identified in the Danish Ventral Hernia Database. Data were merged with the Danish Medical Birth Registry. Women with a subsequent pregnancy and a propensity-score matched control group of women without a subsequent pregnancy were included. A structured questionnaire was sent out, and the primary outcome was hernia recurrence, while the secondary outcome was chronic postoperative pain.RESULTS: In total, 632 women were included, of whom 441 (69.8{\%}) responded to the questionnaire (195 and 246 with and without subsequent pregnancy, respectively). The 8-year cumulative incidence of recurrence was 24.8{\%}. In women with a subsequent pregnancy, mesh repair was associated with a decreased risk of recurrence (hazard ratio 0.44, 95{\%} CI 0.20-0.95, p = 0.038, number needed to treat = 5.1) and an increased risk of chronic pain (OR 5.07, 95{\%} CI 1.20-23.38, p = 0.029, number needed to harm = 4.7) compared with suture repair, in multivariable analyses.CONCLUSIONS: Mesh repair was associated with a decreased risk of recurrence, but an increased risk of chronic pain, compared with suture repair in women with a subsequent pregnancy.",
author = "Erling Oma and Thue Bisgaard and Jorgensen, {Lars N} and Jensen, {Kristian K}",
year = "2019",
month = "6",
doi = "10.1007/s00268-019-04940-0",
language = "English",
volume = "43",
pages = "1497--1504",
journal = "World Journal of Surgery",
issn = "0364-2313",
publisher = "Springer New York LLC",
number = "6",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Nationwide Propensity-Score Matched Study of Mesh Versus Suture Repair of Primary Ventral Hernias in Women with a Subsequent Pregnancy

AU - Oma, Erling

AU - Bisgaard, Thue

AU - Jorgensen, Lars N

AU - Jensen, Kristian K

PY - 2019/6

Y1 - 2019/6

N2 - BACKGROUND: Mesh reinforcement is recommended for repair of primary ventral hernias; however, this recommendation does not consider a potential subsequent pregnancy. The aim of this prospective cohort study was to compare mesh and suture repair of a primary ventral hernia in women with a subsequent pregnancy.METHODS: All women of childbearing age who underwent repair of a primary ventral hernia between 2007 and 2014 were identified in the Danish Ventral Hernia Database. Data were merged with the Danish Medical Birth Registry. Women with a subsequent pregnancy and a propensity-score matched control group of women without a subsequent pregnancy were included. A structured questionnaire was sent out, and the primary outcome was hernia recurrence, while the secondary outcome was chronic postoperative pain.RESULTS: In total, 632 women were included, of whom 441 (69.8%) responded to the questionnaire (195 and 246 with and without subsequent pregnancy, respectively). The 8-year cumulative incidence of recurrence was 24.8%. In women with a subsequent pregnancy, mesh repair was associated with a decreased risk of recurrence (hazard ratio 0.44, 95% CI 0.20-0.95, p = 0.038, number needed to treat = 5.1) and an increased risk of chronic pain (OR 5.07, 95% CI 1.20-23.38, p = 0.029, number needed to harm = 4.7) compared with suture repair, in multivariable analyses.CONCLUSIONS: Mesh repair was associated with a decreased risk of recurrence, but an increased risk of chronic pain, compared with suture repair in women with a subsequent pregnancy.

AB - BACKGROUND: Mesh reinforcement is recommended for repair of primary ventral hernias; however, this recommendation does not consider a potential subsequent pregnancy. The aim of this prospective cohort study was to compare mesh and suture repair of a primary ventral hernia in women with a subsequent pregnancy.METHODS: All women of childbearing age who underwent repair of a primary ventral hernia between 2007 and 2014 were identified in the Danish Ventral Hernia Database. Data were merged with the Danish Medical Birth Registry. Women with a subsequent pregnancy and a propensity-score matched control group of women without a subsequent pregnancy were included. A structured questionnaire was sent out, and the primary outcome was hernia recurrence, while the secondary outcome was chronic postoperative pain.RESULTS: In total, 632 women were included, of whom 441 (69.8%) responded to the questionnaire (195 and 246 with and without subsequent pregnancy, respectively). The 8-year cumulative incidence of recurrence was 24.8%. In women with a subsequent pregnancy, mesh repair was associated with a decreased risk of recurrence (hazard ratio 0.44, 95% CI 0.20-0.95, p = 0.038, number needed to treat = 5.1) and an increased risk of chronic pain (OR 5.07, 95% CI 1.20-23.38, p = 0.029, number needed to harm = 4.7) compared with suture repair, in multivariable analyses.CONCLUSIONS: Mesh repair was associated with a decreased risk of recurrence, but an increased risk of chronic pain, compared with suture repair in women with a subsequent pregnancy.

U2 - 10.1007/s00268-019-04940-0

DO - 10.1007/s00268-019-04940-0

M3 - Journal article

VL - 43

SP - 1497

EP - 1504

JO - World Journal of Surgery

JF - World Journal of Surgery

SN - 0364-2313

IS - 6

ER -

ID: 57240500