BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular magnetic resonance offers both diagnostic and prognostic information in myocarditis. Using an established animal model of myocarditis, the aim of this study was to measure myocardial T1 before the onset, in the acute and in the chronic phases of the disease and to compare its course with histological and immunohistochemistry findings.
METHODS: Male young Lewis rats were immunized with 0.25 mg porcine myocardial myosin into the rear footpads on day 0. Native and contrast-enhanced ECG-triggered cardiac MRI examinations were performed before immunization on day 0 and on days 14, 21 and 35. Left ventricular function, pre- and post- contrast T1 parameters and LGE images were assessed using Small animal look-locker inversion recovery (SALLI). For each of the indicated time points a minimum of 4 rats were randomly sacrificed for pathological investigations including conventional histology (HE and Sirius-Red staining) and immunohistochemistry (CD 68) investigations.
RESULTS: All immunized rats developed myocarditis (morbidity 100%). Histologically we observed increased wall thickness with biventricular macrophage-rich mixed inflammatory infiltrates. All rats with a histologically severe myocarditis showed increased native T1 and decreased post-contrast T1 of the myocardium.
CONCLUSIONS: The assessment of native T1 and post-contrast T1 allows accurate differentiation between healthy myocardium and myocardium with inflammation and also between the acute and chronic phases of the disease.
|Journal||Journal of Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance|
|Publication status||Published - 16 Apr 2016|
- Acute Disease
- Antigens, CD
- Antigens, Differentiation, Myelomonocytic
- Autoimmune Diseases
- Cardiomyopathy, Dilated
- Chronic Disease
- Disease Models, Animal
- Magnetic Resonance Imaging
- Predictive Value of Tests
- Rats, Inbred Lew
- Time Factors
- Ventricular Function, Left
- Journal Article
- Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't