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Mutual stimulatory signaling between human myogenic cells and rat cerebellar neurons

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Insight into the bidirectional signaling between primary human myogenic cells and neurons is lacking. For this purpose, human myogenic cells were derived from the semitendinosus and gracilis muscles of five healthy individuals and co-cultured with cerebellar granule neurons from two litters of 7-day-old Wistar rat pups, in muscle medium or neural medium, alongside monocultures of myogenic cells or neurons. RT-PCR was performed to determine human mRNA levels of GAPDH, Ki67, myogenin, and MUSK, and the acetylcholine receptor subtypes CHRNA1, CHRNB1, CHRNG, CHRND, and CHRNE, and rat mRNA levels of GAPDH, Fth1, Rack1, vimentin, Cdh13, and Ppp1r1a. Immunocytochemistry was used to evaluate neurite outgrowth (GAP43) in the presence and absence of myogenic cells. Co-culture with primary neurons lead to higher myogenic cell gene expression levels of GAPDH, myogenin, MUSK, CHRNA1, CHRNG, and CHRND, compared to myogenic cells cultured alone. It appeared that neurons preferentially attached to myotubes and that neurite outgrowth was enhanced when neurons were cultured with myogenic cells compared to monoculture. In neural medium, rat mRNA levels of GAPDH, vimentin, Cdh13, and Ppp1r1a were greater in co-culture, versus monoculture, whereas in muscle medium co-culture lead to lower levels of Fth1, Rack1, vimentin, and Cdh13 than monoculture. These findings demonstrate mutually beneficial stimulatory signaling between rat cerebellar granule neurons and human myogenic cells, providing support for an active role for both the neuron and the muscle cell in stimulating neurite growth and myogenesis. Bidirectional muscle nerve signaling.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere15077
JournalPhysiological Reports
Issue number21
Pages (from-to)e15077
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2021

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 The Authors. Physiological Reports published by Wiley Periodicals LLC on behalf of The Physiological Society and the American Physiological Society

    Research areas

  • acetylcholine receptor, innervation, myogenesis, neuron, skeletal muscle, Rats, Wistar, Humans, Middle Aged, Coculture Techniques/methods, Cerebellum/cytology, Adult, Glyceraldehyde-3-Phosphate Dehydrogenase (Phosphorylating)/genetics, Receptors, Cholinergic/genetics, Ki-67 Antigen/genetics, Vimentin/genetics, Signal Transduction, Cells, Cultured, Cell Communication, Rats, Neurons/cytology, Animals, Myogenin/genetics, Neuronal Outgrowth, Myoblasts/cytology, Adolescent

ID: 75521832