Research
Print page Print page
Switch language
The Capital Region of Denmark - a part of Copenhagen University Hospital
Published

Mode of delivery and adverse short- and long-term outcomes in vertex-presenting very preterm born infants: a European population-based prospective cohort study

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Harvard

APA

CBE

MLA

Vancouver

Author

Bibtex

@article{ae3b1a25dfa04be3b7d5313dd8e7c25d,
title = "Mode of delivery and adverse short- and long-term outcomes in vertex-presenting very preterm born infants: a European population-based prospective cohort study",
abstract = "OBJECTIVES: To compare mortality, morbidity and neurodevelopment by mode of delivery (MOD) for very preterm births with low prelabour risk of caesarean section (CS).METHODS: The study was a population-based prospective cohort study in 19 regions in 11 European countries. Multivariable mixed effects models and weighted propensity score models were used to estimate adjusted odds ratios (aOR) by observed MOD and the unit's policy regarding MOD. Population: Singleton vertex-presenting live births at 24 + 0 to 31 + 6 weeks of gestation without serious congenital anomalies, preeclampsia, HELLP or eclampsia, antenatal detection of growth restriction and prelabour CS for fetal or maternal indications.RESULTS: Main outcome measures: A composite of in-hospital mortality and intraventricular haemorrhage (grade III/IV) or periventricular leukomalacia. Secondary outcomes were components of the primary outcome, 5 min Apgar score <7 and moderate to severe neurodevelopmental impairment at two years of corrected age. The rate of CS was 29.6% but varied greatly between countries (8.0-52.6%). MOD was not associated with the primary outcome (aOR for CS 0.99; 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.65-1.50) when comparing units with a systematic policy of CS or no policy of MOD to units with a policy of vaginal delivery (aOR 0.88; 95% CI 0.59-1.32). No association was observed for two-year neurodevelopment impairment for CS (aOR 1.15; 95% CI 0.66-2.01) or unit policies (aOR 1.04; 95% CI 0.63-1.70).CONCLUSIONS: Among singleton vertex-presenting live births without medical complications requiring a CS at 24 + 0 to 31 + 6 weeks of gestation, CS was not associated with improved neonatal or long-term outcomes.",
keywords = "caesarean section, mode of delivery, preterm birth, vertex presentation, very preterm infants",
author = "Wolf, {Hanne Trap} and Tom Weber and Stephan Schmidt and Mikael Norman and Heili Varendi and Aur{\'e}lie Piedvache and Jennifer Zeitlin and Huusom, {Lene Drasbek} and {EPICE Research Group}",
note = "{\textcopyright} 2021 Walter de Gruyter GmbH, Berlin/Boston.",
year = "2021",
month = sep,
day = "27",
doi = "10.1515/jpm-2020-0468",
language = "English",
volume = "49",
pages = "923--931",
journal = "Journal of Perinatal Medicine",
issn = "0300-5577",
publisher = "Walter/de Gruyter GmbH & Co. KG",
number = "7",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Mode of delivery and adverse short- and long-term outcomes in vertex-presenting very preterm born infants

T2 - a European population-based prospective cohort study

AU - Wolf, Hanne Trap

AU - Weber, Tom

AU - Schmidt, Stephan

AU - Norman, Mikael

AU - Varendi, Heili

AU - Piedvache, Aurélie

AU - Zeitlin, Jennifer

AU - Huusom, Lene Drasbek

AU - EPICE Research Group

N1 - © 2021 Walter de Gruyter GmbH, Berlin/Boston.

PY - 2021/9/27

Y1 - 2021/9/27

N2 - OBJECTIVES: To compare mortality, morbidity and neurodevelopment by mode of delivery (MOD) for very preterm births with low prelabour risk of caesarean section (CS).METHODS: The study was a population-based prospective cohort study in 19 regions in 11 European countries. Multivariable mixed effects models and weighted propensity score models were used to estimate adjusted odds ratios (aOR) by observed MOD and the unit's policy regarding MOD. Population: Singleton vertex-presenting live births at 24 + 0 to 31 + 6 weeks of gestation without serious congenital anomalies, preeclampsia, HELLP or eclampsia, antenatal detection of growth restriction and prelabour CS for fetal or maternal indications.RESULTS: Main outcome measures: A composite of in-hospital mortality and intraventricular haemorrhage (grade III/IV) or periventricular leukomalacia. Secondary outcomes were components of the primary outcome, 5 min Apgar score <7 and moderate to severe neurodevelopmental impairment at two years of corrected age. The rate of CS was 29.6% but varied greatly between countries (8.0-52.6%). MOD was not associated with the primary outcome (aOR for CS 0.99; 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.65-1.50) when comparing units with a systematic policy of CS or no policy of MOD to units with a policy of vaginal delivery (aOR 0.88; 95% CI 0.59-1.32). No association was observed for two-year neurodevelopment impairment for CS (aOR 1.15; 95% CI 0.66-2.01) or unit policies (aOR 1.04; 95% CI 0.63-1.70).CONCLUSIONS: Among singleton vertex-presenting live births without medical complications requiring a CS at 24 + 0 to 31 + 6 weeks of gestation, CS was not associated with improved neonatal or long-term outcomes.

AB - OBJECTIVES: To compare mortality, morbidity and neurodevelopment by mode of delivery (MOD) for very preterm births with low prelabour risk of caesarean section (CS).METHODS: The study was a population-based prospective cohort study in 19 regions in 11 European countries. Multivariable mixed effects models and weighted propensity score models were used to estimate adjusted odds ratios (aOR) by observed MOD and the unit's policy regarding MOD. Population: Singleton vertex-presenting live births at 24 + 0 to 31 + 6 weeks of gestation without serious congenital anomalies, preeclampsia, HELLP or eclampsia, antenatal detection of growth restriction and prelabour CS for fetal or maternal indications.RESULTS: Main outcome measures: A composite of in-hospital mortality and intraventricular haemorrhage (grade III/IV) or periventricular leukomalacia. Secondary outcomes were components of the primary outcome, 5 min Apgar score <7 and moderate to severe neurodevelopmental impairment at two years of corrected age. The rate of CS was 29.6% but varied greatly between countries (8.0-52.6%). MOD was not associated with the primary outcome (aOR for CS 0.99; 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.65-1.50) when comparing units with a systematic policy of CS or no policy of MOD to units with a policy of vaginal delivery (aOR 0.88; 95% CI 0.59-1.32). No association was observed for two-year neurodevelopment impairment for CS (aOR 1.15; 95% CI 0.66-2.01) or unit policies (aOR 1.04; 95% CI 0.63-1.70).CONCLUSIONS: Among singleton vertex-presenting live births without medical complications requiring a CS at 24 + 0 to 31 + 6 weeks of gestation, CS was not associated with improved neonatal or long-term outcomes.

KW - caesarean section

KW - mode of delivery

KW - preterm birth

KW - vertex presentation

KW - very preterm infants

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85111574446&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1515/jpm-2020-0468

DO - 10.1515/jpm-2020-0468

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 34280959

VL - 49

SP - 923

EP - 931

JO - Journal of Perinatal Medicine

JF - Journal of Perinatal Medicine

SN - 0300-5577

IS - 7

ER -

ID: 66871701