Metronidazole elimination is preserved in the elderly

S Loft, C Egsmose, J Sonne, H E Poulsen, M Døssing, P B Andreasen

Abstract

1 The disposition of metronidazole and its major metabolites was compared in 11 subjects aged 86 +/- 6 years and 8 aged 30 +/- 6 years. 2 The plasma clearance of metronidazole was 1.20 +/- 0.53 and 1.25 +/- 0.22 ml min-1 kg-1, the volume of distribution 0.77 +/- 0.27 and 0.77 +/- 0.09 1 kg-1 and the half-life 7.8 +/- 1.9 and 7.2 +/- 0.9 h in elderly and young subjects, respectively (P less than 0.05). 3 The area under the plasma concentration-time curve of the hydroxy metabolite was 32 +/- 14 and 21 +/- 3 mM min-1 (P less than 0.05) whereas its half-life was 21 +/- 14 and 12 +/- 2 h (P less than 0.05) in the elderly and young subjects, respectively. 4 The recovery in the urine of metronidazole and its metabolites was 42 +/- 21% and 87 +/- 6% of dose in elderly and young subjects, respectively (P less than 0.05). With this reservation the only elimination pathways of metronidazole affected by old age were the renal excretion of unchanged compound and the hydroxy metabolite. 5 It is concluded that the ability to eliminate metronidazole is preserved in old age and that age-related dose adjustments are not necessary.

Original languageEnglish
JournalHuman & Experimental Toxicology
Volume9
Issue number3
Pages (from-to)155-9
Number of pages5
ISSN0960-3271
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 1990

Keywords

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Aging/metabolism
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Metronidazole/analogs & derivatives

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