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Mesenchymal stem cell therapy of acute thermal burns: A systematic review of the effect on inflammation and wound healing

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AIM: Mesenchymal stem cell (MSC) therapies are emerging as a promising strategy to promote tissue repair, and may extend their utility to burn care. This comprehensive review of the extant literature, evaluated all in vivo studies, to elucidate the potential protective and therapeutic effect of MSCs in acute thermal skin burns.

METHODS: PubMed was systematically searched, according to PRISMA guidelines, and all relevant preclinical and clinical studies were included according to pre-specified eligibility criteria.

RESULTS: Forty-two studies were included in a qualitative synthesis, of which three were human and 39 were animal studies. The preclinical studies showed that MSCs can significantly reduce inflammation, burn wound progression and accelerate healing rate of acute burns. The underlying mechanisms are complex and not fully understood but paracrine modulators, such as immunomodulatory, antioxidative and trophic factors, seem to play important roles. Allogeneic MSC therapy has proved feasible in humans, and could allow for prompt treatment of acute burns in a clinical setting.

CONCLUSION: MSC therapy show positive results, regarding improved burn wound healing and immunologic response. However, most findings are based on small animal studies. Randomized clinical trials are warranted to investigate the regenerative effects in human burns before translating the findings into clinical practice.

Original languageEnglish
JournalBurns
Volume47
Issue number2
Pages (from-to)270-294
Number of pages25
ISSN0305-4179
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2021

    Research areas

  • Burn therapy, Burns, Cell therapy, Mesenchymal stem cells, Regenerative medicine, Wound healing

ID: 61660822