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Mental health indicators in pregnant women compared with women in the general population during the coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic in Denmark

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Severinsen, Elin R ; Kähler, Lise K A ; Thomassen, Sofie E ; Varga, Tibor V ; Fich Olsen, Line ; Hviid, Kathrine V R ; la Cour Freiesleben, Nina ; Rod, Naja H ; Nielsen, Henriette S. / Mental health indicators in pregnant women compared with women in the general population during the coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic in Denmark. In: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica. 2021 ; Vol. 100, No. 11. pp. 2009-2018.

Bibtex

@article{5069b2220e8745a9976b695a97cf1863,
title = "Mental health indicators in pregnant women compared with women in the general population during the coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic in Denmark",
abstract = "Introduction: The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic and the associated regulations issued to minimize risk of disease transmission seem to have had an impact on general mental health in most populations, but it may have affected pregnant women even more because of pregnancy-related uncertainties, limited access to healthcare resources, and lack of social support. We aimed to compare the mental health response among pregnant women with that in similarly aged women from the general population during the first wave of the COVID-19 pandemic. Material and methods: From April 14 to July 3, 2020, 647 pregnant women in their second trimester were enrolled in this study. For comparison, 858 women from the general Danish population (20–46 years) were sampled from an ongoing observational study. Participants responded to a questionnaire including six mental health indicators (concern level, perceived social isolation, quality of life, anxiety, mental health, and loneliness). Loneliness was measured using the UCLA Three-item Loneliness Scale and anxiety by the Common Mental Health Disorder Questionnaire 4-item Anxiety Subscale. Results: The pregnant women had better scores during the entire study period for all mental health indicators, and except for concerns, social isolation, and mental health, the differences were also statistically significant. Pregnant women were more concerned about becoming seriously ill (40.2% vs. 29.5%, p < 0.001), whereas the general population was more concerned about economic consequences and prospects. Many pregnant women reported negative feelings associated with being pregnant during the COVID-19 pandemic and concerns regarding social isolation and regulation-imposed partner absence during hospital appointments and childbirth. All mental health indicators improved as Denmark began to reopen after the first wave of the pandemic. Conclusions: Pregnant women exhibited lower rates of poor mental health compared with the general population. However, they were more concerned about becoming seriously ill, expressed negative feelings about being pregnant during the pandemic, and were worried about the absence of their partner due to imposed regulations. These finding may be taken into account by policy-makers during pandemics to balance specific preventive measures over the potential mental health deterioration of pregnant women.",
keywords = "anxiety, coronavirus disease 2019, loneliness, mental health, pandemics, pregnancy, severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2, social isolation",
author = "Severinsen, {Elin R} and K{\"a}hler, {Lise K A} and Thomassen, {Sofie E} and Varga, {Tibor V} and {Fich Olsen}, Line and Hviid, {Kathrine V R} and {la Cour Freiesleben}, Nina and Rod, {Naja H} and Nielsen, {Henriette S}",
note = "{\textcopyright} 2021 The Authors. Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd on behalf of Nordic Federation of Societies of Obstetrics and Gynecology (NFOG).",
year = "2021",
month = nov,
doi = "10.1111/aogs.14258",
language = "English",
volume = "100",
pages = "2009--2018",
journal = "Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica",
issn = "0001-6349",
publisher = "Informa Healthcare",
number = "11",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Mental health indicators in pregnant women compared with women in the general population during the coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic in Denmark

AU - Severinsen, Elin R

AU - Kähler, Lise K A

AU - Thomassen, Sofie E

AU - Varga, Tibor V

AU - Fich Olsen, Line

AU - Hviid, Kathrine V R

AU - la Cour Freiesleben, Nina

AU - Rod, Naja H

AU - Nielsen, Henriette S

N1 - © 2021 The Authors. Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd on behalf of Nordic Federation of Societies of Obstetrics and Gynecology (NFOG).

PY - 2021/11

Y1 - 2021/11

N2 - Introduction: The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic and the associated regulations issued to minimize risk of disease transmission seem to have had an impact on general mental health in most populations, but it may have affected pregnant women even more because of pregnancy-related uncertainties, limited access to healthcare resources, and lack of social support. We aimed to compare the mental health response among pregnant women with that in similarly aged women from the general population during the first wave of the COVID-19 pandemic. Material and methods: From April 14 to July 3, 2020, 647 pregnant women in their second trimester were enrolled in this study. For comparison, 858 women from the general Danish population (20–46 years) were sampled from an ongoing observational study. Participants responded to a questionnaire including six mental health indicators (concern level, perceived social isolation, quality of life, anxiety, mental health, and loneliness). Loneliness was measured using the UCLA Three-item Loneliness Scale and anxiety by the Common Mental Health Disorder Questionnaire 4-item Anxiety Subscale. Results: The pregnant women had better scores during the entire study period for all mental health indicators, and except for concerns, social isolation, and mental health, the differences were also statistically significant. Pregnant women were more concerned about becoming seriously ill (40.2% vs. 29.5%, p < 0.001), whereas the general population was more concerned about economic consequences and prospects. Many pregnant women reported negative feelings associated with being pregnant during the COVID-19 pandemic and concerns regarding social isolation and regulation-imposed partner absence during hospital appointments and childbirth. All mental health indicators improved as Denmark began to reopen after the first wave of the pandemic. Conclusions: Pregnant women exhibited lower rates of poor mental health compared with the general population. However, they were more concerned about becoming seriously ill, expressed negative feelings about being pregnant during the pandemic, and were worried about the absence of their partner due to imposed regulations. These finding may be taken into account by policy-makers during pandemics to balance specific preventive measures over the potential mental health deterioration of pregnant women.

AB - Introduction: The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic and the associated regulations issued to minimize risk of disease transmission seem to have had an impact on general mental health in most populations, but it may have affected pregnant women even more because of pregnancy-related uncertainties, limited access to healthcare resources, and lack of social support. We aimed to compare the mental health response among pregnant women with that in similarly aged women from the general population during the first wave of the COVID-19 pandemic. Material and methods: From April 14 to July 3, 2020, 647 pregnant women in their second trimester were enrolled in this study. For comparison, 858 women from the general Danish population (20–46 years) were sampled from an ongoing observational study. Participants responded to a questionnaire including six mental health indicators (concern level, perceived social isolation, quality of life, anxiety, mental health, and loneliness). Loneliness was measured using the UCLA Three-item Loneliness Scale and anxiety by the Common Mental Health Disorder Questionnaire 4-item Anxiety Subscale. Results: The pregnant women had better scores during the entire study period for all mental health indicators, and except for concerns, social isolation, and mental health, the differences were also statistically significant. Pregnant women were more concerned about becoming seriously ill (40.2% vs. 29.5%, p < 0.001), whereas the general population was more concerned about economic consequences and prospects. Many pregnant women reported negative feelings associated with being pregnant during the COVID-19 pandemic and concerns regarding social isolation and regulation-imposed partner absence during hospital appointments and childbirth. All mental health indicators improved as Denmark began to reopen after the first wave of the pandemic. Conclusions: Pregnant women exhibited lower rates of poor mental health compared with the general population. However, they were more concerned about becoming seriously ill, expressed negative feelings about being pregnant during the pandemic, and were worried about the absence of their partner due to imposed regulations. These finding may be taken into account by policy-makers during pandemics to balance specific preventive measures over the potential mental health deterioration of pregnant women.

KW - anxiety

KW - coronavirus disease 2019

KW - loneliness

KW - mental health

KW - pandemics

KW - pregnancy

KW - severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2

KW - social isolation

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85115223070&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1111/aogs.14258

DO - 10.1111/aogs.14258

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 34546563

VL - 100

SP - 2009

EP - 2018

JO - Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica

JF - Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica

SN - 0001-6349

IS - 11

ER -

ID: 67901084