Men treated with BEACOPP for Hodgkin lymphoma may be at increased risk of testosterone deficiency

Signe Micas Pedersen*, Claus Larsen Feltoft, Torsten Holm Nielsen, Peter de Nully Brown, Anne Ortved Gang, Lars Møller Pedersen, Niels Jørgensen

*Corresponding author for this work

Abstract

In the current study, we report the prevalence of male testosterone deficiency in a cohort of 60 male long-term survivors of malignant lymphoma with normal total testosterone but in the lower part of the reference level. Testosterone deficiency was defined as subnormal concentrations of total testosterone or subnormal concentrations of calculated free testosterone. The aim was to clarify whether total testosterone was sufficient for identification of testosterone deficiency in male survivors of malignant lymphoma. Hormonal analyses taken at follow-up were compared with samples taken at diagnosis for a subgroup of 20 survivors, for evaluation of changes in hormones over time. Another group of 83 similar survivors of malignant lymphoma with testosterone in the high end of reference levels were also used for comparison, to identify groups of increased risk of testosterone deficiency. A total group of 143 survivors were therefore included in the study. Our findings indicate that for screening purposes an initial total testosterone is sufficient in some survivors because sexual hormone binding globulin concentration was found stable over time. However, 15% were found with subnormal calculated free testosterone. Survivors intensely treated for Hodgkin lymphoma and older survivors were identified as high-risk groups for testosterone deficiency necessitating endocrinological attention during follow-up. Some evidence of pituitary downregulation was also found, because of uncompensated decreases in testosterone concentration over time. In conclusion, longitudinal measurements of total testosterone alone do not seem adequate for the screening of testosterone deficiency for all long-term lymphoma survivors.

Original languageEnglish
JournalAnnals of Hematology
Volume103
Issue number1
Pages (from-to)227-239
Number of pages13
ISSN0939-5555
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2024

Keywords

  • Female
  • Hodgkin Disease/drug therapy
  • Humans
  • Luteinizing Hormone
  • Lymphoma
  • Male
  • Testosterone
  • Free testosterone
  • LH
  • SHBG
  • Sexual health

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