Medical students¿ assessment of pediatric patients - teaching and evaluation using video cases

1 Citation (Scopus)


BackgroundWe introduced video-based teaching in pediatrics. We evaluated the impact of a pediatric video program on student performance in assessing pediatric patients presented as video cases. The program consisted of a library of pediatric videos, and inclusion of these in the teaching and examination for pediatric medicine.MethodsMedical students on a pediatric clerkship at the University of Copenhagen assessed eight short pediatric video cases during autumn 2011 and spring 2012. Two independent observers evaluated a subset of records in a pilot study. A blind evaluation was made of the written records of 37 students before, and 58 students after, the introduction of the program using a Rubric score with four domains.ResultsThe intraobserver interclass correlation coefficient was 0.94 and the interobserver interclass correlation was 0.71(n=25). The students¿ mean total Rubric score in spring 2012 (7.0) was significantly higher (p<0.001, 95% CI 1.34¿3.20) than autumn 2011 (4.7). Cohen's d was 1.1 (95% CI 0.6¿1.7). Single domains scores increased significantly for general assessment (1.30 versus 0.57) (p<0.002, 95% CI 0.45¿1.18), recognition of principal symptoms (1.38 versus 0.81) (p<0.008, 95% CI 0.22¿0.91), appropriate diagnosis (2.28 versus 1.78) (p<0.002, 95% CI 0.16¿0.82) and consistency between observed symptoms and diagnosis (1.94 versus 1.57) (p=0.0482, 95% CI 0.00¿0.79).ConclusionsStudents improved in evaluating pediatric patients presented as video cases after the introduction of the program. The impact on real-life situations remains to be established.

Original languageEnglish
JournalB M C Medical Education
Issue number1
Pages (from-to)241
Publication statusPublished - 13 Nov 2014


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