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Management of acute pain in the postoperative setting: the importance of quality indicators

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  • Winfried Meissner
  • Frank Jpm Huygen
  • Edmund A M Neugebauer
  • Jürgen Osterbrink
  • Dan Benhamou
  • Neil Betteridge
  • Flaminia Coluzzi
  • José De Andres
  • William Fawcett
  • Dominique Fletcher
  • Eija Kalso
  • Henrik Kehlet
  • Bart Morlion
  • Antonio Montes Pérez
  • Joseph Pergolizzi
  • Michael Schäfer
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Despite the introduction of evidence-based recommendations for postoperative pain management (POPM), the consensus is that pain control remains suboptimal. Barriers to achieving patient-satisfactory analgesia include deficient knowledge regarding POPM among staff, lack of instructions, insufficient pain assessments and sub-optimal treatment. Effective monitoring of POPM is essential to enable policy makers and healthcare providers to improve the quality of care. Quality indicators (QIs) are quantitative measures of clinical practice that can monitor, evaluate and guide the quality of care provided to patients. QIs can be used to assess various aspects relating to the care process and they have proven useful to improve health outcomes in diseases such as myocardial infarction. In this commentary we critically analyse the evidence regarding the use of QIs in acute POPM based upon the experience of pain specialists from Europe and the USA who are members of the 'Change Pain Advisory Board'. We also undertook a literature review to see what has been published on QIs in acute pain with the goal of assessing which QIs have been developed and used, and which ones have been successful/unsuccessful. In the hospital sector the development and implementation of QIs is complex. The nature of POPM requires a highly-trained, multidisciplinary team and it is at this level where major improvements can be made. Greater involvement of patients regarding pain management is also seen as a priority area for improving clinical outcomes. Changes in structure and processes to deliver high-level quality care need to be regularly audited to ensure translation into better outcomes. QIs can help drive this process by providing an indicator of current levels of performance. In addition, outcomes QIs can be used to benchmark levels of performance between different healthcare providers.

Original languageEnglish
JournalCurrent Medical Research and Opinion
Volume34
Issue number1
Pages (from-to)187-196
Number of pages10
ISSN0300-7995
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018

    Research areas

  • Journal Article

ID: 51783210