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The Capital Region of Denmark - a part of Copenhagen University Hospital
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Low prevalence of retinopathy among Greenland Inuit

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To assess the prevalence of diabetic retinopathy (DR) among persons with diabetes and prediabetes participating in the 2018 Population Health Survey in Greenland (B2018), a follow-up survey of three previous health surveys. Participants were invited to a diabetes complication screening. We assessed the prevalence of DR using Optos Daytona Ultra-wide field fundus camera and assessed differences in prevalence according to demographic and clinical characteristics using chi square test and a t-test and assessed DR based on ethnicity. The overall prevalence of DR was 2% (10/483). Among participants with HbA1c ≥48 mmol/mol (6.5%) DR prevalence was 9% (9/91), compared with <1% (1/382) among participants with HbA1c <48 mmol/mol (6.5%). All participants with DR lived in towns. The mean Inuit genetic admixture was lower among participants with DR. The prevalence of DR is low in Greenland and almost non-existent among persons with HbA1c below the diabetes threshold.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1938420
JournalInternational Journal of Circumpolar Health
Volume80
Issue number1
Pages (from-to)1938420
ISSN1239-9736
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2021

    Research areas

  • Diabetic Retinopathy/epidemiology, Ethnic Groups, Greenland/epidemiology, Humans, Inuits, Prevalence, Risk Factors

ID: 68714068