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Low incidence of hemorrhagic cystitis following ex vivo T-cell depleted haploidentical hematopoietic cell transplantation in children

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Hemorrhagic cystitis (HC) is a debilitating complication following allogenic hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT). HLA disparity and T-cell depletion have been implicated as risk factors for HC. However, reports on the incidence and risk factors for HC in ex vivo T-cell depleted haploidentical HCT (haploHCT) in children are lacking. We studied 96 haploHCT procedures performed in 83 children between 2002 and 2017. Sixty-three patients were diagnosed with a malignant disease and 20 with nonmalignant disease. All but three patients with SCID underwent myelotoxic and/or lymphotoxic conditioning therapy. Grafts were CD3+ (36.5%) or TcRαβ+ (63.5%) depleted to prevent graft versus host disease (GvHD). Fourteen patients (14.6%) were diagnosed with HC; 12 (12.5%) had clinically significant stage II-IV HC. All patients with HC had BK viruria and/or viremia. Increasing age and chemotherapeutic treatment prior to conditioning were identified as risk factors for HC. Immune recovery did not significantly differ between patients with and without HC. Thus, we report a low incidence of HC in pediatric haploHCT using ex vivo T-cell depletion. The combination of a reduced toxicity conditioning regimen, and typically absent pharmaceutical post-HCT GvHD prophylaxis in our patients might have contributed to the decreased the risk of HC, despite HLA disparity.

Original languageEnglish
JournalBone Marrow Transplantation
Issue number1
Pages (from-to)207-214
Number of pages8
Publication statusPublished - 2020

    Research areas

  • Child, Cystitis/etiology, Graft vs Host Disease/etiology, Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation/adverse effects, Humans, Incidence, T-Lymphocytes, Transplantation Conditioning/adverse effects

ID: 58992745