Research
Print page Print page
Switch language
The Capital Region of Denmark - a part of Copenhagen University Hospital
Published

Low gestational age at birth and difficulties in school-A matter of 'dose'

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Harvard

APA

CBE

MLA

Vancouver

Author

Bibtex

@article{7b0e907de30942898edaa6347b4aa0f1,
title = "Low gestational age at birth and difficulties in school-A matter of 'dose'",
abstract = "OBJECTIVES: Several studies suggest a relationship between gestational age at birth and risk of school difficulties. Our study aimed to investigate the association between the entire range of gestational ages and significant school difficulties measured as 1) More than nine hours per week special educational support and 2) Failing to complete compulsory school.METHODS: A population-based register study including all children attending the Danish compulsory school in 2015/2016 and all live-born infants born in Denmark from 1992 to 1997. Data were collected and linked using multiple registers held by Statistic Denmark. Multiple logistic regression analyses were used to estimate the association between gestational age and significant school difficulties, adjusted for explanatory variables.RESULTS: For measurement 1) {"}Special educational support{"} 615,789 children entered the analyses after exclusion of those with missing neonatal data. The risk of special educational support increased gradually across the entire range of gestation from 40 to ≤24 weeks: The adjusted odds ratio was 1.07 (95{\%} confidence interval 1.03-1.12) at 39 weeks of gestational and 6.18 (95{\%} confidence interval 5.17-7.39) at gestational ages < 28 weeks. For measurement 2) {"}Failing to complete compulsory school{"} the cohort consisted of 374,798 children after exclusion of those who died, had emigrated and/or had missing neonatal data. The risk of failing to complete compulsory school increased across the entire range of gestational ages: The adjusted odds ratio was 1.07 (95{\%} confidence interval 1.04-1.10) at 39 weeks of gestation and 2.99 (95{\%} confidence interval 2.41-3.71) at gestational ages < 28 weeks. In both sets of analyses GA = 40 weeks was used as reference.CONCLUSIONS: We confirm a clear association between the degree of prematurity and significant school difficulties across the entire range of gestational ages from ≤ 24 to 40 weeks.",
keywords = "Adolescent, Child, Cohort Studies, Education, Special/statistics & numerical data, Female, Gestational Age, Humans, Infant, Newborn, Infant, Premature, Logistic Models, Male, Odds Ratio, Registries",
author = "Rikke Wiingreen and Gorm Greisen and Jannet Svensson and Hansen, {Bo M{\o}lholm}",
year = "2018",
doi = "10.1371/journal.pone.0198482",
language = "English",
volume = "13",
pages = "e0198482",
journal = "P L o S One",
issn = "1932-6203",
publisher = "Public Library of Science",
number = "6",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Low gestational age at birth and difficulties in school-A matter of 'dose'

AU - Wiingreen, Rikke

AU - Greisen, Gorm

AU - Svensson, Jannet

AU - Hansen, Bo Mølholm

PY - 2018

Y1 - 2018

N2 - OBJECTIVES: Several studies suggest a relationship between gestational age at birth and risk of school difficulties. Our study aimed to investigate the association between the entire range of gestational ages and significant school difficulties measured as 1) More than nine hours per week special educational support and 2) Failing to complete compulsory school.METHODS: A population-based register study including all children attending the Danish compulsory school in 2015/2016 and all live-born infants born in Denmark from 1992 to 1997. Data were collected and linked using multiple registers held by Statistic Denmark. Multiple logistic regression analyses were used to estimate the association between gestational age and significant school difficulties, adjusted for explanatory variables.RESULTS: For measurement 1) "Special educational support" 615,789 children entered the analyses after exclusion of those with missing neonatal data. The risk of special educational support increased gradually across the entire range of gestation from 40 to ≤24 weeks: The adjusted odds ratio was 1.07 (95% confidence interval 1.03-1.12) at 39 weeks of gestational and 6.18 (95% confidence interval 5.17-7.39) at gestational ages < 28 weeks. For measurement 2) "Failing to complete compulsory school" the cohort consisted of 374,798 children after exclusion of those who died, had emigrated and/or had missing neonatal data. The risk of failing to complete compulsory school increased across the entire range of gestational ages: The adjusted odds ratio was 1.07 (95% confidence interval 1.04-1.10) at 39 weeks of gestation and 2.99 (95% confidence interval 2.41-3.71) at gestational ages < 28 weeks. In both sets of analyses GA = 40 weeks was used as reference.CONCLUSIONS: We confirm a clear association between the degree of prematurity and significant school difficulties across the entire range of gestational ages from ≤ 24 to 40 weeks.

AB - OBJECTIVES: Several studies suggest a relationship between gestational age at birth and risk of school difficulties. Our study aimed to investigate the association between the entire range of gestational ages and significant school difficulties measured as 1) More than nine hours per week special educational support and 2) Failing to complete compulsory school.METHODS: A population-based register study including all children attending the Danish compulsory school in 2015/2016 and all live-born infants born in Denmark from 1992 to 1997. Data were collected and linked using multiple registers held by Statistic Denmark. Multiple logistic regression analyses were used to estimate the association between gestational age and significant school difficulties, adjusted for explanatory variables.RESULTS: For measurement 1) "Special educational support" 615,789 children entered the analyses after exclusion of those with missing neonatal data. The risk of special educational support increased gradually across the entire range of gestation from 40 to ≤24 weeks: The adjusted odds ratio was 1.07 (95% confidence interval 1.03-1.12) at 39 weeks of gestational and 6.18 (95% confidence interval 5.17-7.39) at gestational ages < 28 weeks. For measurement 2) "Failing to complete compulsory school" the cohort consisted of 374,798 children after exclusion of those who died, had emigrated and/or had missing neonatal data. The risk of failing to complete compulsory school increased across the entire range of gestational ages: The adjusted odds ratio was 1.07 (95% confidence interval 1.04-1.10) at 39 weeks of gestation and 2.99 (95% confidence interval 2.41-3.71) at gestational ages < 28 weeks. In both sets of analyses GA = 40 weeks was used as reference.CONCLUSIONS: We confirm a clear association between the degree of prematurity and significant school difficulties across the entire range of gestational ages from ≤ 24 to 40 weeks.

KW - Adolescent

KW - Child

KW - Cohort Studies

KW - Education, Special/statistics & numerical data

KW - Female

KW - Gestational Age

KW - Humans

KW - Infant, Newborn

KW - Infant, Premature

KW - Logistic Models

KW - Male

KW - Odds Ratio

KW - Registries

U2 - 10.1371/journal.pone.0198482

DO - 10.1371/journal.pone.0198482

M3 - Journal article

VL - 13

SP - e0198482

JO - P L o S One

JF - P L o S One

SN - 1932-6203

IS - 6

ER -

ID: 56216927