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Long-term wind turbine noise exposure and the risk of incident atrial fibrillation in the Danish Nurse cohort

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  1. Variations in repeated serum concentrations of UV filters, phthalates, phenols and parabens during pregnancy

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  2. Long-term wind turbine noise exposure and the risk of incident atrial fibrillation in the Danish Nurse cohort

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

  3. Long-term wind turbine noise exposure and incidence of myocardial infarction in the Danish nurse cohort

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  1. Association Between Long-Term Exposure to Wind Turbine Noise and the Risk of Stroke: Data From the Danish Nurse Cohort

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  2. Road traffic noise and markers of adiposity in the Danish nurse cohort: A cross sectional study

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  3. Long-Term Exposure to Road Traffic Noise and Incidence of Diabetes in the Danish Nurse Cohort

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  4. In-utero Exposure to Maternal Stressful Life Events and Risk of Cryptorchidism: The Raine Study

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BACKGROUND: The potential health effects related to wind turbine noise (WTN) have received increased focus during the past decades, but evidence is sparse. We examined the association between long-term exposure to wind turbine noise and incidence of atrial fibrillation (AF).

METHODS: First ever hospital admission of AF amongst 28,731 female nurses in the Danish Nurse Cohort were identified in the Danish National Patient register until ultimo 2013. WTN levels at residential addresses between 1982 and 2013 were estimated using the Nord2000 noise propagation model, as the annual means of Lden, Lday, Levening and Lnight at the most exposed façade. Time-varying Cox proportional hazard regression models were used to examine the association between the 11-, 5- and 1-year rolling means of WTN levels and AF incidence.

RESULTS: 1430 nurses developed AF by end of follow-up in 2013. Mean (standard deviation) baseline residential noise levels amongst exposed nurses were 26.3 (6.7) dB and slightly higher in those who developed AF (27.3 (7.31) dB), than those who didn't (26.2 (6.6)). We observed a 30% statistically significant increased risk (95% CI: 1.05-1.61) of AF amongst nurses exposed to long-term (11-year running mean) WTN levels ≥20 dB(A) at night compared to nurses exposed to levels <20 dB(A). Similar effects were observed with day (HR 1.25; 95% CI: 1.01-1.54), and evening (HR 1.25; 95% CI: 1.01-1.54) noise levels.

CONCLUSIONS: We found suggestive evidence of an association between long-term exposure to WTN and AF amongst female nurses. However, interpretation should be cautious as exposure levels were low.

Original languageEnglish
JournalEnvironment International
Volume130
Pages (from-to)104915
ISSN0160-4120
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2019

ID: 57856139