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The Capital Region of Denmark - a part of Copenhagen University Hospital
E-pub ahead of print

Long-Term Prognostic Value of Less Stringent Electrocardiographic Q Waves and Fourth Universal Definition of Myocardial Infarction Q Waves

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BACKGROUND: The Fourth Universal Definition of Myocardial Infarction defines electrocardiographic (ECG) Q waves as duration ≥30ms and amplitude ≥1mm or QS complex in two contiguous leads. However, current taskforce criteria may be overly restrictive. Therefore, we investigated the association of isolated, lenient, or strict Q waves with long-term outcome.

METHODS: From 2001-2015, we included Danish primary care patients with digital ECGs that were evaluated for Q waves. If none occurred, patients had no Q waves. If no other contiguous Q wave occurred, patients had isolated Q waves. If another contiguous Q wave occurred meeting only one criterion (≥30ms and <1mm or <30ms and ≥1mm), patients had lenient Q waves. If another contiguous Q wave occurred, patients had strict Q waves.

RESULTS: Of 365,206 patients, 87,957 had isolated, lenient, or strict Q waves (24%; median age, 61 years; male, 48%), and 277,249 had no Q waves (76%; median age, 53 years; male, 42%). Mortality risk was increased with isolated (all-cause adjusted hazard ratio [aHR], 1.33; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.29-1.37; cardiovascular-cause aHR, 1.78; 95% CI, 1.70-1.87), lenient (all-cause aHR, 1.41; 95% CI, 1.33-1.50; cardiovascular-cause aHR, 1.78; 95% CI, 1.63-1.94), or strict (all-cause aHR, 1.64; 95% CI, 1.57-1.72; cardiovascular-cause aHR, 2.70; 95% CI, 2.52-2.89) Q waves compared with no Q waves. Highest mortality risk was associated with anteroseptal lenient or strict Q waves.

CONCLUSIONS: This large contemporary analysis suggests that less stringent Q-wave criteria carry prognostic value in predicting adverse outcome among primary care patients.

Original languageEnglish
JournalAmerican Journal of Medicine
ISSN0002-9343
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 2020

Bibliographical note

Copyright © 2019 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

    Research areas

  • Electrocardiogram, Epidemiology, Fourth Universal Definition of Myocardial Infarction, Myocardial infarction, Primary care, Q wave

ID: 58253218