Research
Print page Print page
Switch language
The Capital Region of Denmark - a part of Copenhagen University Hospital
Published

Long-term motor skill training with individually adjusted progressive difficulty enhances learning and promotes corticospinal plasticity

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Harvard

APA

CBE

MLA

Vancouver

Author

Christiansen, Lasse ; Larsen, Malte Nejst ; Madsen, Mads Just ; Grey, Michael James ; Nielsen, Jens Bo ; Lundbye-Jensen, Jesper. / Long-term motor skill training with individually adjusted progressive difficulty enhances learning and promotes corticospinal plasticity. In: Scientific Reports. 2020 ; Vol. 10, No. 1. pp. 15588.

Bibtex

@article{4b1a87bf4bea4a179ba2efe0eac31f93,
title = "Long-term motor skill training with individually adjusted progressive difficulty enhances learning and promotes corticospinal plasticity",
abstract = "Motor skill acquisition depends on central nervous plasticity. However, behavioural determinants leading to long lasting corticospinal plasticity and motor expertise remain unexplored. Here we investigate behavioural and electrophysiological effects of individually tailored progressive practice during long-term motor skill training. Two groups of participants practiced a visuomotor task requiring precise control of the right digiti minimi for 6 weeks. One group trained with constant task difficulty, while the other group trained with progressively increasing task difficulty, i.e. continuously adjusted to their individual skill level. Compared to constant practice, progressive practice resulted in a two-fold greater performance at an advanced task level and associated increases in corticospinal excitability. Differences were maintained 8 days later, whereas both groups demonstrated equal retention 14 months later. We demonstrate that progressive practice enhances motor skill learning and promotes corticospinal plasticity. These findings underline the importance of continuously challenging patients and athletes to promote neural plasticity, skilled performance, and recovery.",
author = "Lasse Christiansen and Larsen, {Malte Nejst} and Madsen, {Mads Just} and Grey, {Michael James} and Nielsen, {Jens Bo} and Jesper Lundbye-Jensen",
year = "2020",
month = "9",
day = "24",
doi = "10.1038/s41598-020-72139-8",
language = "English",
volume = "10",
pages = "15588",
journal = "Scientific Reports",
issn = "2045-2322",
publisher = "Nature Publishing Group",
number = "1",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Long-term motor skill training with individually adjusted progressive difficulty enhances learning and promotes corticospinal plasticity

AU - Christiansen, Lasse

AU - Larsen, Malte Nejst

AU - Madsen, Mads Just

AU - Grey, Michael James

AU - Nielsen, Jens Bo

AU - Lundbye-Jensen, Jesper

PY - 2020/9/24

Y1 - 2020/9/24

N2 - Motor skill acquisition depends on central nervous plasticity. However, behavioural determinants leading to long lasting corticospinal plasticity and motor expertise remain unexplored. Here we investigate behavioural and electrophysiological effects of individually tailored progressive practice during long-term motor skill training. Two groups of participants practiced a visuomotor task requiring precise control of the right digiti minimi for 6 weeks. One group trained with constant task difficulty, while the other group trained with progressively increasing task difficulty, i.e. continuously adjusted to their individual skill level. Compared to constant practice, progressive practice resulted in a two-fold greater performance at an advanced task level and associated increases in corticospinal excitability. Differences were maintained 8 days later, whereas both groups demonstrated equal retention 14 months later. We demonstrate that progressive practice enhances motor skill learning and promotes corticospinal plasticity. These findings underline the importance of continuously challenging patients and athletes to promote neural plasticity, skilled performance, and recovery.

AB - Motor skill acquisition depends on central nervous plasticity. However, behavioural determinants leading to long lasting corticospinal plasticity and motor expertise remain unexplored. Here we investigate behavioural and electrophysiological effects of individually tailored progressive practice during long-term motor skill training. Two groups of participants practiced a visuomotor task requiring precise control of the right digiti minimi for 6 weeks. One group trained with constant task difficulty, while the other group trained with progressively increasing task difficulty, i.e. continuously adjusted to their individual skill level. Compared to constant practice, progressive practice resulted in a two-fold greater performance at an advanced task level and associated increases in corticospinal excitability. Differences were maintained 8 days later, whereas both groups demonstrated equal retention 14 months later. We demonstrate that progressive practice enhances motor skill learning and promotes corticospinal plasticity. These findings underline the importance of continuously challenging patients and athletes to promote neural plasticity, skilled performance, and recovery.

U2 - 10.1038/s41598-020-72139-8

DO - 10.1038/s41598-020-72139-8

M3 - Journal article

VL - 10

SP - 15588

JO - Scientific Reports

JF - Scientific Reports

SN - 2045-2322

IS - 1

ER -

ID: 60934806