Research
Print page Print page
Switch language
The Capital Region of Denmark - a part of Copenhagen University Hospital
Published

Long-term health and socioeconomic consequences of childhood and adolescent-onset of narcolepsy

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

  1. Changes in effort-reward imbalance at work and risk of onset of sleep disturbances in a population-based cohort of workers in Denmark

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

  2. Long-term health and socioeconomic outcome of obstructive sleep apnea in children and adolescents

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

  1. Nocturnal eye movements in patients with idiopathic rapid eye movement sleep behaviour disorder and patients with Parkinson's disease

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

  2. A genome-wide meta-analysis yields 46 new loci associating with biomarkers of iron homeostasis

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

  3. Imagery rehearsal therapy and/or mianserin in treatment of refugees diagnosed with PTSD: Results from a randomized controlled trial

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

View graph of relations

OBJECTIVES: There is limited information about the long-term consequences of childhood- and adolescent-onset narcolepsy on educational and social factors. Here, we estimate the long-term socioeconomic consequences and health care costs of narcolepsy.

METHODS: The prospective cohort study included Danish individuals with narcolepsy onset in childhood or adolescence, diagnosed between 1994 and 2015. Health care costs and socioeconomic data were obtained from nationwide administrative and health registers. One hundred seventy-one patients were compared with 680 controls (mean index age, 15.2 years; SD, 3.4 years) matched for age, gender, and other sociodemographic characteristics.

RESULTS: Comparing the narcolepsy patient and control groups at age 20 years we found: (1) no differences in parental educational level; (2) patients had a significantly lower educational level than controls; (3) patients had significantly lower grade-point averages; (4) patients had a lower employment rate and lower-income, even when transfer payments were considered; and (5) patients' initial health care costs were higher. Patients had a higher mortality rate than controls, although the difference was not statistically significant.

CONCLUSION: Narcolepsy is associated with a significant influence on educational level, grading, social outcome, and welfare consequences. The development of narcolepsy is independent of parental social level.

Original languageEnglish
JournalSleep Medicine
Volume67
Pages (from-to)23-27
Number of pages5
ISSN1389-9457
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2020

ID: 59152468