OBJECTIVE: To examine the long-term rates of heart failure (HF) and other adverse cardiovascular (CV) outcomes in a nationwide cohort of patients diagnosed with granulomatosis with polyangiitis (GPA) compared with the general population.

METHODS: Using Danish nationwide registries, patients with newly diagnosed GPA were identified and matched 1:4 by age, sex, and comorbidities with subjects from the general population. Outcomes were compared using Cox regression. Due to violation of the proportional hazard assumption, landmark analyses for the first year and from 1 year were performed.

RESULTS: Of the 1923 patients with GPA, 1781 patients (median age 59 yrs, 47.9% men) were matched with 7124 subjects from the general population. The median follow-up was 6.4 years. The absolute 10-year risk of HF was 6.8% (95% CI 5.5-8.2%) for patients with GPA and 5.9% (5.3-6.6%) for the general population. During the first year after diagnosis, GPA was associated with a significantly higher rate of HF (hazard ratio [HR] 3.60, 95% CI, 2.28-5.67) and other adverse outcomes, including atrial fibrillation/flutter (HR 6.50, 95% CI 4.43-9.55) and ischemic stroke (HR 3.24, 95% CI 1.92-5.48), compared with the general population. After the first year, GPA was not associated with higher rates of HF or other CV outcomes compared with the general population, except atrial fibrillation/flutter (HR 1.38, 95% CI 1.12-1.70).

CONCLUSION: During the first year after diagnosis, the rates of HF and other CV outcomes were higher in patients with GPA compared with the general population. However, after the first year, the rates of HF and other CV outcomes, except atrial fibrillation/flutter, were similar to those in the general population.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Rheumatology
Issue number3
Pages (from-to)291-298
Number of pages8
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2022


  • Atrial Fibrillation
  • Cohort Studies
  • Female
  • Granulomatosis with Polyangiitis/complications
  • Heart Failure/diagnosis
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Proportional Hazards Models


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