BACKGROUND: The groin is a complex anatomical area with multiple structures that can be injured and cause pain. One condition with groin pain is the so-called "sports groin," which can be treated with a groin hernia repair even though no hernia is present. The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of chronic groin pain several years after a groin hernia repair performed in patients with a sports groin.
METHODS: This nationwide cohort study included adults who had a groin hernia repair for a sports groin through the years 1998-2011. The patients were identified through the Danish Hernia Database and in surgical records. Patients were asked to fill out four questionnaires several years after the repair: a visual analogue scale, the Activity Assessment Scale, the Inguinal Pain Questionnaire, and a questionnaire about treatment satisfaction.
RESULTS: Of 118 contacted patients, 71 gave informed consent and were included in the study (60%), and of these the response rate was 100%. The questionnaires were filled out median 14 years after surgery. Most of the patients were pain-free in the operated groin (87%), and only a few had physical impairment caused by groin pain (20%). Prior to surgery, 79% had groin pain that they could not ignore. Overall, 90% of the patients were satisfied with the treatment.
CONCLUSIONS: Most patients were pain-free and without physical impairment several years after groin hernia repair for a sports groin and with high satisfaction rate.
- Groin pain
- inguinal hernia surgery
- sports groin