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Lipidomic analysis reveals sphingomyelin and phosphatidylcholine species associated with renal impairment and all-cause mortality in type 1 diabetes

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There is an urgent need for a better molecular understanding of the pathophysiology underlying development and progression of diabetic nephropathy. The aim of the current study was to identify novel associations between serum lipidomics and diabetic nephropathy. Non-targeted serum lipidomic analyses were performed with mass spectrometry in 669 individuals with type 1 diabetes. Cross-sectional associations of lipid species with estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) and urinary albumin excretion were assessed. Moreover, associations with register-based longitudinal follow-up for progression to a combined renal endpoint including ≥30% decline in eGFR, ESRD and all-cause mortality were evaluated. Median follow-up time was 5.0-6.4 years. Adjustments included traditional risk factors and multiple testing correction. In total, 106 lipid species were identified. Primarily, alkyl-acyl phosphatidylcholines, triglycerides and sphingomyelins demonstrated cross-sectional associations with eGFR and macroalbuminuria. In longitudinal analyses, thirteen lipid species were associated with the slope of eGFR or albuminuria. Of these lipids, phosphatidylcholine and sphingomyelin species, PC(O-34:2), PC(O-34:3), SM(d18:1/24:0), SM(d40:1) and SM(d41:1), were associated with lower risk of the combined renal endpoint. PC(O-34:3), SM(d40:1) and SM(d41:1) were associated with lower risk of all-cause mortality while an SM(d18:1/24:0) was associated with lower risk of albuminuria group progression. We report distinct associations between lipid species and risk of renal outcomes in type 1 diabetes, independent of traditional markers of kidney function.

Original languageEnglish
Article number16398
JournalScientific Reports
Volume9
Issue number1
Number of pages10
ISSN2045-2322
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 8 Nov 2019

ID: 58331780