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The Capital Region of Denmark - a part of Copenhagen University Hospital
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Lipid-lowering therapy and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol goal attainment after acute coronary syndrome: a Danish population-based cohort study

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Background: Patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) are at high risk of recurrent cardiovascular (CV) event. The European guidelines recommend low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) levels < 1.8 mmol/L and early initiation of intensive lipid-lowering therapy (LLT) to reduce CV risk. In order to reduce the risk of further cardiac events, the study aimed to evaluate LDL-C goal attainment and LLT intensity in an incident ACS population. Methods: A cohort study of patients with residency at Funen in Denmark at a first-ever ACS event registered within the period 2010-2015. Information on LLT use and LDL-C levels was extracted from national population registers and a Laboratory database at Odense University Hospital. Treatments and lipid patterns were evaluated during index hospitalization, at 6-month and 12-month follow-up. Results: Among 3040 patients with an LDL-C measurement during index hospitalization, 40.7 and 39.0% attained the recommended LDL-C target value (< 1.8 mmol/L) within 6- and 12-month follow-up, respectively. During 6- and 12-month follow-up, a total of 89.2% (20.2%) and 88.4% (29.7%) used LLT (intensive LLT). Of the intensive LLT users, 43.4 and 47.7% reached the LDL-C target value at 6- and 12-month follow-up. The frequency of lipid monitoring was low: 69.5, 77.7 and 53.6% in patients with a first-ever ACS during index hospitalization, 6- and 12-month follow-up, respectively. Conclusion: Using national health registers and laboratory data, a considerably gap was observed between treatment guidelines and clinical practice in the management of dyslipidemia leaving very high-risk patients without adequate lipid management strategy. Therefore, improved lipid management strategies aimed at reaching treatment targets are warranted.

Original languageEnglish
Article number336
JournalBMC Cardiovascular Disorders
Volume20
Issue number1
Pages (from-to)336
ISSN1471-2261
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 13 Jul 2020

    Research areas

  • Acute coronary syndrome, Dyslipidemia, LDL-C goal attainment, Lipid-lowering therapy, Low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, Population-based individual-level registers

ID: 60963739