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Light-provoked skin symptoms on the hands of erythropoietic protoporphyria patients related to personal dosimeter measurements, skin symptoms, light protection and priming

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Erythropoietic protoporphyria (EPP) is characterised by accumulation of protoporphyrin IX (PpIX) in erythrocytes. Upon illumination PpIX is released to the skin. Activation of the photoactive substance PpIX causes painful skin symptoms. This study aimed to objectively quantify individual light exposure of EPP patients in their everyday lives through spring and summer. We further aimed to establish the associations between daily symptoms and light exposure dose to photoprimed and non-photoprimed skin, use of gloves, and erythrocyte PpIX concentration. 14 Danish EPP patients participated from April through June, the period when symptoms are most frequent. Light exposure was measured using personal electronic dosimeters with sensor sensitivity comparable to the absorption spectrum of PpIX, measuring the biological effect of the light in this disease. Concurrently participants reported symptoms and use of protective gloves in a diary. Patients had a blood sample analysed for erythrocyte PpIX. The median patient was exposed to an average daily PpIX-weighted light dose of 3.8 J/cm2 corresponding to approximately 15 min in the midday sun during summer in Denmark. The median patient reported symptoms on 29% and wore gloves on 11% of study days. There was a significant positive correlation between erythrocyte PpIX concentration and percentage of days wearing gloves (r = 0.65, p = 0.011), and a significant negative correlation between erythrocyte PpIX concentration and mean daily light dose on days not wearing gloves (r = -0.53, p = 0.049). Photosensitivity was strongly dependent on photopriming.

Original languageEnglish
Article number112054
JournalJournal of Photochemistry and Photobiology B: Biology
Volume213
Pages (from-to)112054
ISSN1011-1344
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2020

    Research areas

  • Erythropoietic protoporphyria, Photosensitivity, Protoporphyrin IX, Skin

ID: 61660356