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The Capital Region of Denmark - a part of Copenhagen University Hospital
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Lifetime Risk of Heart Failure and Trends in Incidence Rates Among Individuals With Type 2 Diabetes Between 1995 and 2018

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Background There are limited data on the lifetime risk of heart failure (HF) in people with type 2 diabetes and how incidence has changed over time. We estimated the cumulative incidence and incidence rates of HF among Danish adults with type 2 diabetes between 1995 and 2018 using nationwide data. Methods and Results In total, 398 422 patients (49% women) with type 2 diabetes were identified. During follow-up, 36 400 (9%) were diagnosed with HF and 121 459 (30%) were censored due to death. Using the Aalen-Johansen estimators, accounting for the risk of death, the estimated residual lifetime risk of HF at age 50 years was calculated as 24% (95% CI 22%-27%) in women and 27% (25%-28%) in men. During the observational period, the proportion of patients treated with statins, angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors or angiotensin II receptor blockers, and metformin increased from <30% to >60%. Similarly, the annual incidence rates of HF decreased significantly, with declines being greater in older versus younger individuals (5% versus 2% in age >50 versus ≤50 years, respectively; P<0.0001) and in women versus men (5% versus 4%, P=0.02), but similar in patients with and without IHD (4% versus 4%, P=0.53). Conclusions The current lifetime risk of HF in type 2 diabetes approximates 1 in 4 for men and women. Paralleled by an increase in use of evidence-based pharmacotherapy over the past decades, the risk of developing HF has declined across several subgroups and regardless of underlying IHD, suggesting that optimal diabetes treatment can mitigate HF risk.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere021230
JournalJournal of the American Heart Association
Volume10
Issue number21
Pages (from-to)e021230
ISSN2047-9980
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2 Nov 2021

ID: 68664765